Now showing items 21-40 of 6770

    • A Framework for the Systematic Implementation of Green-Lean and Sustainability in SMEs

      Siegel, R; Antony, J; Govindan, K; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Lameijer, B; Samadhiya, A; University of Derby (Taylor&Francis, 2022-03)
      Evidence suggests that smaller organisations find the implementation of combined operations- and environmental Sustainability improvement initiatives such as Green-Lean and Sustainability (GLS) challenging. This paper, therefore, develops a framework for the systematic implementation of Green-Lean and Sustainability in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to achieve long-term improvement of environmental, social and economic processes and performance. A literature assessment of theories, frameworks, and concepts was employed in the study to better comprehend the difficulties confronting the modern business world. In addition, the research employed expert perspectives from the lean, green-lean, and sustainability fields to propose, develop, test, and validate a framework for addressing business concerns. The research uncovers considerable implementation problems, such as employee motivation and integration, responsibilities, and measurements. It also underlines the success factors for the implementation process, such as management, firm- goals and strategy, reviews and audits, vision, and guidance by lean, green and sustainability frameworks. The novelty in this research lies in the approach where Green-Lean and Sustainability are combined and applied in an SME context. The presented framework offers the potential to be implemented in SMEs that operate in different sectors and contexts and are affected by different environmental and social considerations.
    • Hydrogeophysical Characterization of Fractured Aquifers for Groundwater Exploration in the Federal District of Brazil

      Hussain, Yawar; Campos, José Eloi Guimarães; Borges, Welitom Rodrigues; Uagoda, Rogério Elias Soares; Hamza, Omar; Havenith, Hans-Balder; University of Liege, 4000 Liege, Belgium; University of Brasilia, Brasilia 70910-900, Brazil; University of Derby (MDPI AG, 2022-02-28)
      The present study applies a geophysical approach to the Federal district of Brazil, a challenging hydrogeologic setting that requires improved investigation to enhance groundwater prospecting to meet the rising water demand. The geophysical characterization of a complex hard-rock aquifer sub-system was conducted using direct current (DC) electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) integrated with surface geological information. With a total of twenty-seven ERT profiles, the resistivity acquisition was carried out using a dipole-dipole array of electrodes with an inter-electrode spacing of 10 m. Based on resistivity ranges, the interpretation of the inverted resistivity values indicated a ground profile consisting of upper dry soil, saprolite, weathered, and fresh bedrock. Along with this layered subsurface stratigraphy, the approach allowed us to map the presence of significant hydrogeological features sharp contrasting anomalies that may suggest structural controls separating high-resistivity (≥7000 Ω m) and low-resistivity (<7000 Ω m) conducting zones in the uppermost 10 m of the ground. The assumed impacts of these features on groundwater development are discussed in light of the Brasilia aquifer settings
    • “It's easy to dismiss it as simply a spiritual problem.” Experiences of mental distress within evangelical Christian communities: A qualitative survey

      Lloyd, Dr. Christopher E. M.; Hutchinson, Jonathan; University of Derby (SAGE Publications, 2022-01-18)
      Evidence suggests that faith communities can support psychological wellbeing but can also potentially diminish wellbeing through stigma, imposed spiritualization, and marginalization. In particular, for evangelical Christianity, whose theological praxis typically accentuates literalist spiritual onto-etiologies, including the belief that mental distress can be treated solely through spiritual intervention (prayer, fasting, and deliverance), there may be negative implications for Christians with mental distress. The current qualitative survey examined the responses of 293 self-identified evangelical Christians, concerning their experiences of mental distress in relation to their church community. An inductive thematic analysis revealed five themes: 1) Tensions between Faith and Suffering; 2) Cautions about a Reductive Spiritualization; 3) Feeling Othered and Disconnected; 4) Faith as Alleviating Distress; and 5) Inviting an Integrationist Position. Findings reveal stigma and the totalizing spiritualization of mental distress can be experienced as both dismissive and invalidating and can problematize secular help-seeking. This lends support to previous research which has suggested that evangelical Christian communities tend to link mental distress to spiritual deficiencies, which can hold potentially negative consequences for their wellbeing. Nevertheless, a degree of complexity and nuance emerged whereby spiritual explanations and interventions were also experienced as sometimes helpful in alleviating suffering. Overall, findings suggest evangelical communities are increasingly adopting integrationist understandings of mental distress, whereby spiritual narratives are assimilated alongside the biopsychosocial. We argue that church communities and psychotherapeutic practitioners should support movement from a position of dichotomizing psychological suffering (e.g., spiritual vs. biopsychosocial) towards a spiritually syntonic frame, which contextualizes distress in terms of the whole person. Considerations for psychotherapeutic practice and further research are made.
    • One-year changes in the prevalence and positive psychological correlates of depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic among medical science students in northeast of Iran

      Mirhosseini, Seyedmohammad; Grimwood, Samuel; Dadgari, Ali; Hasan Basirinezhad, Mohammad; Montazeri, Rasoul; Ebrahimi, Hossein; Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; University of Derby; Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran; Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran (Wiley, 2022-01-12)
      The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed a significant psychological burden on many across society especially students studying medical sciences. This study intended to investigate the one-year changes in the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic among medical science students. A cross-sectional study in Shahroud, Iran administering a convenience sampling method (January to February 2021). Online self-reported questionnaires included Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Paloutzian-Ellison Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire, Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale and the University Student Depression Inventory. Data analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Independent t-test and Multiple Regression Analysis). A total of 306 medical science students were investigated in this study. The mean scores 1 year after the outbreak of COVID-19 were for depression (81.25 ± 26.04), spiritual well-being (80.98 ± 18.06), self-esteem (26.89 ± 2.20), and life satisfaction (19.68 ± 6.81). The results indicated that depression mean score was significantly higher in post outbreak assessment (71.92 ± 22.94 vs 81.25 ± 26.04) (P < .001). Fifty percentage of changes in depression can be predicted by studied variables. A high score of depression was directly associated with a higher level of self-esteem. Moreover, increased interest in the field, scores of spiritual well-being, and life satisfaction were inversely and significantly associated with depression. Iran's education system has been significantly affected, with the addition to the COVID-19 pandemic imposing a psychological burden such as depression, exacerbating this within medical science students compared to a year ago. Spiritual well-being and life satisfaction as positive psychology constructs were recognized as protective factors against depression during the pandemic. Spiritual and social support should be integrated in psychological interventions within university settings for medical science students.
    • Estimation of the PM2.5 and PM10 Mass Concentration over Land from FY-4A Aerosol Optical Depth Data

      Xue, Yong; University of Derby (MDPI AG, 2021-10-24)
      The purpose of this study is to estimate the particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) in China using the improved geographically and temporally weighted regression (IGTWR) model and Fengyun (FY-4A) aerosol optical depth (AOD) data. Based on the IGTWR model, the boundary layer height (BLH), relative humidity (RH), AOD, time, space, and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data are employed to estimate the PM2.5 and PM10. The main processes of this study are as follows: firstly, the feasibility of the AOD data from FY-4A in estimating PM2.5 and PM10 mass concentrations were analysed and confirmed by randomly selecting 5–6 and 9–10 June 2020 as an example. Secondly, hourly concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 are estimated between 00:00 and 09:00 (UTC) each day. Specifically, the model estimates that the correlation coefficient R2 of PM2.5 is 0.909 and the root mean squared error (RMSE) is 5.802 μg/m3, while the estimated R2 of PM10 is 0.915, and the RMSE is 12.939 μg/m3. Our high temporal resolution results reveal the spatial and temporal characteristics of hourly PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations on the day. The results indicate that the use of data from the FY-4A satellite and an improved time–geographically weighted regression model for estimating PM2.5 and PM10 is feasible, and replacing land use classification data with NDVI facilitates model improvement
    • Effects of Caffeine Ingestion on Human Standing Balance: A Systematic Review of Placebo-Controlled Trials.

      Briggs, Isobel; Chidley, Joel; Chidley, Corinna; Osler, Callum; University of Derby (MDPI, 2021-10-08)
      Caffeine ingestion may influence balance control via numerous mechanisms. Although previously investigated using various study designs and methods, here we aimed to create the first evidence-based consensus regarding the effects of caffeine on the control of upright stance via systematic review (PROSPERO registration CRD42021226939). Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science databases were searched on 27 January 2021 to identify placebo-controlled trials investigating caffeine-induced changes in human standing balance. Reference lists of eligible studies were also searched. Overall, nine studies involving a total of 290 participants were included. All studies were moderate to strong in quality according to the QualSyst tool. Balance-related outcome measures were collected across a range of different participant ages, stances and sensory conditions. The results show that younger participants' balance was generally unaffected by caffeine ingestion. However, a significant balance impairment was observed following caffeine ingestion in all studies involving older participants (average age >65 years). Our results therefore suggest an age-dependent effect of caffeine ingestion on human standing. Further research into this effect is warranted as only one study has directly compared younger and older adults. Nonetheless, an important implication of our findings is that caffeine ingestion may increase fall risk in older adults. Furthermore, based on our findings, caffeine ingestion should be considered as a potential confounding factor when assessing human standing balance, particularly in older adults.
    • It pays to quit: a review of evidence about how financial incentives may improve smoking cessation during pregnancy

      Wyke, Eleanor; Elander, James; University of Derby (British Psychological Society, 2022-03-03)
      Helping women to stop smoking during pregnancy is a major priority for health professionals and evidence suggests that financial incentives can be effective. With the aim of maximising the benefits and minimising unintended negative consequences, this paper gives a brief review of evidence about using financial incentives for smoking cessation during pregnancy, with a special emphasis on how financial incentives work. The review showed that financial incentives can increase pregnant women’s capability, opportunity and motivation to stop smoking. The evidence supports five specific recommendations about how financial incentives should be used in future to reduce smoking during pregnancy, including measures to increase public acceptability. These recommendations can contribute to updating published UK policy for smoking cessation during pregnancy, including the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on stopping smoking in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26).
    • Education, Skills and Social Justice in a Polarising World

      Esmond, Bill; Atkins, Liz; University of Derby (Routledge, 2022-01-13)
      This book explains how education policies offering improved transitions to work and higher-level study can widen the gaps between successful and disadvantaged groups of young people. Centred on an original study of ongoing further education and apprenticeship reforms in England, the book traces the emergence of distinctive patterns of transition that magnify existing societal inequalities. It illustrates the distinction between mainly male ‘technical elites’ on STEM-based courses and the preparation for low-level service roles described as ‘welfare vocationalism’, whilst digital and creative fields ill-suited to industry learning head for a ‘new economy precariat’. Yet the authors argue that social justice can nevertheless be advanced in the spaces between learning and work. The book provides essential insights for academics and postgraduate students researching technical, vocational and higher education. It will also appeal to professionals with interests in contemporary educational policy and emerging practice.
    • Sharing is Caring: A Realist Evaluation of a Social Support Group for Individuals Who Have Been Bereaved by Suicide

      Adshead, Claire; Runacres, Jessica; University of Derby; Staffordshire University (SAGE Publications, 2022-01-31)
      To understand the experiences and perceived impact on the wellbeing of individuals attending a suicide bereavement social support group. A qualitative study guided by a realist evaluation framework. Data were collected from May–July 2020 using online semistructured individual interviews with participants (N = 6), from the North West of England recruited from a suicide bereavement support group's social media. Data were analysed using thematic analysis informed by the realist framework. Effective social support includes the prioritisation of building meaningful connections with like-minded individuals, providing a safe space for authentic self-expression aiding personal relationship maintenance. Contextual factors included: Societal and cultural stigma of suicide, self-stigma and gender norms. Mechanisms influencing support seeking include: Not wanting to burden loved ones due to judgement, and a lack of understanding. Policymakers can reduce demand on healthcare systems by developing tailored support groups to suit individual needs.
    • Definitions of Self-Esteem across CBT and REBT Literature

      Paget, Jodie; Branch, Rhena; Townend, Michael; University of East Anglia; University of Derby (Cambridge University Press, 2022-01-06)
      This chapter discusses how self-esteem is currently defined across common CBT and REBT literature. It aims to establish if there is a clear consensus as to what constitutes low, healthy, and high self-esteem, and implications this may have on clinical practice. Definitions of self-esteem within the DSM-5 and ICD-10 are reviewed, as well as cognitive and affective models of self-esteem. Definitions of self-esteem differ widely both across CBT and REBT as well as within CBT and REBT. Definitions are inconsistent within the DSM-5 and ICD-10. Conflation of beliefs, emotions, and constructs of self-esteem occur across research and within CBT and REBT, but is less frequent in REBT. Inconsistencies are more prevalent within CBT literature, which may be problematic, as points of intervention may therefore differ depending on theoretical understanding and definition of constructs of self-esteem.
    • Comparative Analysis of Three Structures of Second-Order Generalized Integrator and Its Application to Phase-Locked Loop of Linear Kalman Filter

      Zeng, Bo; Sun, Yuxiang; Xie, Shaojun; Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing City 211106, China; University of Derby (Hindawi Limited, 2022-02-12)
      The present work explores the power quality problems of a microgrid in the aviation field, such as frequency offset or waveform distortion, caused by voltage imbalance and nonlinear load, to ensure the efficient and stable flight of aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, and other aircraft. There are many problems such as excessive harmonics, voltage imbalance, and direct current (DC) component in aviation variable frequency power supply voltage in microgrid under different conditions. Therefore, three kinds of second-order generalized integrators (SOGIs) with different structures are combined with linear Kalman filter phase-locked loops (PLLs). Besides, intelligent sensors are utilized for signal processing. Finally, simulation experiments are conducted to compare three SOGIs. The results show that the system is stable when the parameters k1 = 738.9553, k2 = 1092108.98405, k3 = 1477.91, and Ts = 0.000125 s and k ranges in [0.5, 3]. The angular frequency of PLL output is very low under the problems of many harmonics, three-phase voltage imbalance, and DC component . The angular frequency output by the PLL finally changes linearly with a change rate of 400 πrad/s2, so that the output phase angle reaches a stable state. Thus, the proposed steady-state linear Kalman filter phase locking can accurately phase-lock the aviation variable frequency power supply. It provides an important reference for the power supply module in the microgrid to select the appropriate second-order generalized integrator to realize the accurate phase locking of the phase-locked loop under different conditions.
    • Explicating the microfoundation of SME pro-environmental operations: The role of top-managers

      Zhao, Li; He, Qile; Shanghai Lixin University of Accounting and Finance, China; University of Derby (Emerald Publishing Limited, 2022-03-01)
      By recognizing the decisive role of top-managers (TMs) of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this study attempts to explicate the microfoundation of pro-environmental operations of SMEs by examining the influence of institutional pressure on managerial cognition and subsequent SME pro-environmental operations. This study highlights the personal ethics of TMs, so as to examine the moderating effect of TMs’ place attachment on SMEs’ pro-environmental operations. Empirical data is collected from a questionnaire survey of 509 SMEs in China. Hierarchical regression results are subject to cross-validation using secondary public data. This study demonstrates that coercive and mimetic pressures have inverted U-shaped effects, whilst normative pressure has a U-shaped effect on the threat cognition of TMs. The results also show that TMs’ threat cognition (as opposed to opportunity cognition) positively influence SMEs’ pro-environmental operations. Moreover, both the emotional (place identity) and functional (place dependence) dimensions of place attachment have positive moderating effects on the relationship between threat cognition and SMEs’ pro-environmental operations. Practical implications – Findings of this study lead to important implications for practitioners such as regulators, policy makers and trade associations. Enabling better understanding of the nature of SMEs’ pro-environmental operations, they allow for more targeted development and the provision of optimal institutional tools to promote such operations. This study allows some important factors that differentiate SMEs from large firms to surface. These factors (i.e., institutional pressures, managerial cognition and place attachment) and the interactions between them form important constituents of the microfoundations of SMEs’ pro-environmental operations.
    • A 150-mile ultra-endurance cycling event for people with type 1 diabetes: A qualitative analysis of knowledge, preparation and management strategies

      King, Andrew; Pringle, Andy; Pickering, Katie; Kime, Nicky; Australian Catholic University; University of Derby; Sheffield Hallam University; Bradford Institute of Health (Wiley, 2022)
      The purpose of this study is to characterise the decision-making and self-management strategies of individuals with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) participating in a 150-mile ultra-endurance cycling event and inform Healthcare Professionals working in T1D. Participation in ultra-endurance exercise is becoming increasingly popular in the T1D community and self-management in this context needs further investigation. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 participants with T1D who took part in the ‘Coast to Coast in a Day’ cycling sportive. Event-specific and T1D self-management strategies in the context of endurance exercise were assessed using the Thematic Network Approach to analysis. Participants reported that they took part in the event "as a cyclist rather than a Type 1 diabetic". A range of self-management strategies to manage glycaemic control were identified, but all were grounded in experience of a "trial-and-error" approach to determine "successful practice". Engagement with Healthcare Professionals in preparation for the event was limited due to a perceived lack of endurance exercise knowledge. Participants reflected that T1D can be controlled in ultra-endurance events through careful and practised self-management of energy intake and insulin strategies. Individuals with T1D are capable of taking part and excelling in ultra-endurance events, but current Healthcare Professional advice does not match patient ambition and practice, which is grounded in an identity that is first and foremost as a ‘cyclist and person’. Limitations in participants’ "trial-and-error" practices require further understanding from Healthcare Professionals to provide advice around existing knowledge, preparation and self-management strategies for ultra-endurance exercise.
    • Diverticular Disease

      Redfern, Vicky; Mortimore, Gerri; University of Derby (MAG, 2022)
      Diverticular disease is an umbrella term encompassing symptomatic diverticulosis, uncomplicated and complicated diverticulitis. The presence of diverticula increases with age, affecting up 70% of the population by 80 years of age. It is associated with a significant economic burden in terms of health-care costs, hospitalisation, and resource utilisation. Although mortality from non-complicated diverticulosis is extremely rare, morbidity and mortality risk increase ten-fold with complications such as perforation or fistula. This article will examine diverticular disease, its pathogenesis, symptoms, and complications. Additionally, the surgical and non-surgical treatment options will be discussed including the role of antibiotics.
    • Creating a Sport and Exercise Medicine Masters syllabus for doctors: a Delphi Study

      Vishnubala, Dane; Iqbal, Adil; Mario, Katie; Salman, David; Pringle, Andy; Bazira, Peter; Finn, Gab; Hull York Medical School; University of Leeds; Royal Stoke University Hospital, Stoke-on-Trent, UK; et al. (BMJ, 2022)
      Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) Masters curricula vary. This Delphi study aimed to create a consensus curriculum for doctors undertaking SEM Masters courses. A modified Delphi survey was utilised. An expert panel was established of individuals deemed to have adequate knowledge of the field. The research group developed the initial draft of the curriculum by collating and reviewing previously published United Kingdom-based postgraduate SEM-related curricula. There were 2 phases. In phase 1 the expert group either accepted, rejected or modified each learning objective (LO). During phase 2 the expert group were asked to accept or reject each LO that did not get accepted outright previously. The research group analysed the levels of agreements and the comments given by the expert panel after each phase. The expert panel consisted of 45 individuals, with 35 completing phase 2 (78% retention rate). Of the 136 LOs initially collated: 71 (52%) were accepted outright, 60 (44%) were altered in some way and re-included in phase 2, and 5 (4%) were removed after phase 1. The research group added 2 (1%) new LOs upon reflection over comments made by the expert panel. The final curriculum contained 133 LOs, divided into 11 sub-themes. The findings will better inform educators when developing SEM Masters curricula and inform students what they should look for when considering an SEM Masters. This consensus curriculum is an important step in standardizing postgraduate SEM education.
    • Constipation: a clinical review

      Burton, Louise; Mortimore, Gerri; ACP Chesterfield Royal Hospital; University of Derby (MAG, 2022)
      Advanced Nurse Practitioners (ANP) are autonomous practitioners who are required to manage clinical care in partnership with patients, families, and carers. This requires using evidence to undertake complex decision-making (Health Education England, 2017). This clinical review will examine the issue of constipation, with particular emphasis on the older patient group. The aetiology and epidemiology of constipation will be examined, the pathophysiological manifestation considered and the diagnosis and management within this population analysed. In doing so the evidence base will be critiqued to ensure autonomous, safe management of this condition.
    • Governing Against the Tide: Populism, Power and the Party Conference

      Guiney, Tom; Farrall, Stephen; University of Nottingham; University of Derby (Sage, 2022-02-24)
      In this paper we argue that a tendency to treat populism as a ubiquitous, mechanistic characteristic of contemporary penality has impeded systematic theoretical discussion of how populist ideologies find contingent expression within national penal systems. Drawing upon an agonistic perspective we seek to show that the intersection between populism and punishment must be understood as a structured process that is shaped by struggle between actors with different types, and amounts, of political power. We illustrate these claims with reference to a historical case study of the 1981 British Conservative Party Conference; a political calendar ritual that facilitated symbolic conflict and provided an institutional point of entry for populist movements seeking to disrupt the prevailing liberal consensus on crime and secure substantive policy concessions from government.
    • Analysing the Barriers to Sustainable Sourcing in the Apparel and Fashion-Luxury Industry

      Bhandari, N; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; Rocha-Lona, L; Kumar, F; Naz, F; Joshi, R; University of Warwick; University of Derby; ESCA Santo Tomás, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico; London Metropolitan University; et al. (Elsevier, 2022-02-19)
      The fashion industry’s transition to Sustainable Sourcing (SS) is crucial to address some of the social and environmental problems faced by societies. While previous research has identified SS implementation barriers in the mainstream fashion industry, this article provides a methodical identification, validation, and prioritization of the 20 key SS implementation barriers for the global apparel and fashion-luxury sector. The paper employs a multi-phase research methodology to benchmark the SS implementation barriers in the apparel and fashion-luxury sector. These barriers were analysed through 154 responses received from global SS professionals by employing a survey questionnaire. Through an Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), the barriers were categorized into six unique dimensions. To establish their importance, an analytical hierarchy process (AHP) analysis further provided a global ranking of the identified barriers. The results of the study revealed that ‘Management, Government Support, and Infrastructure Barriers’ hold the most significant importance among all barrier dimensions, followed by ‘Material Barriers’, ‘Finance Barriers’, ‘Supplier Barriers’, ‘Certificates and Customer Perceptions’, and ‘Sustainable Packaging and Human Resource Barriers’. Furthermore, the results showed that specific barriers such as ‘Undersupply of Sustainable Raw Materials’, ‘Insufficient Commitment from Top Management’, and ‘Inadequate Awareness’ are the top three barriers according to global ranking. The research theoretically contributes by identifying and ranking the SS barriers that may hinder the efforts of the fashion sector to become more sustainable. This will facilitate researchers, sourcing professionals, fashion retailers, policymakers, and governing bodies in the formulation and deployment of dynamic strategies to overcome them and successfully implement SS practices.
    • Innovation, wine tourism, and sustainable winegrowing in cool climate regions: a longitudinal international comparative analysis

      Baird, Tim; Hall, Michael; Castka, Pavel; Ramkissoon, Haywantee; University of Derby (Edward Elgar, 2022-08)
      Wine tourism is “visitation to vineyards, wineries, wine festivals, and wine shows for which grape wine tasting and/or experiencing the attributes of a grape wine region are the prime motivating factors for visitors” (Hall, 1996, p.1), and this is integral to winegrowers’ business strategies. Although not all wine producers have specific cellar door facilities for tourists, nearly all are available to visit by appointment. Wine tourism directly contributes to winegrowing in a number of ways, including sales, consumer education and research, product testing and customer relations. These aspects of wine tourism have been recognised as a potentially significant source of innovation for winegrowers (Baird and Hall, 2016; Booyens, 2020), as well as being important for broader regional development (Grimstead, 2011; Hall and Williams, 2019). Even wineries with minimal daily involvement in tourism benefit from the place brand benefits that tourism marketing and promotion can bring. This is particularly true of highly competitive international markets, while winegrowing and the availability of wine to drink and winery visits is clearly integral to wine tourism (Hall, 2018).
    • A Systematic and Critical Review of Leadership Styles in Contemporary Hospitality: A Roadmap and a Call for Future Research

      ElKhwesky, Zakaria; Salem, Islam; Ramkissoon, Haywantee; astabÑeda, Alberto J.; University of Žilina, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia; Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt; University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Salalah, Oman; University of Granada, Granada, Spain (Emerald, 2022-03-02)
      The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of leadership styles in the hospitality industry. It also demonstrates theories used in hospitality leadership styles research, identifies the main outcomes and highlights gaps for future research. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the 79 articles on leadership styles in the hospitality context spanning over 13 years (2008–2020) and extends the scope in distinctive means. This review has demonstrated that leadership styles research in hospitality has made progress in the past 13 years; however, there are conceptual and empirical overlaps among different leadership styles in hospitality. There is a lack of research on antecedents and integrating theories in studies. This review has revealed that several leadership styles have not been rigorously examined in hospitality research with their outcomes. The search strategy used to find articles published in Web of Science about leadership styles in hospitality was restricted to title to boost the accuracy of the subsequent literature. By following the guidance presented in this review, the authors expect to advance and maintain hospitality leadership research to provide substantive insights into the context of hospitality leadership over the coming years. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is one of the first to undertake a comprehensive understanding of various leadership styles in the hospitality context. This study provides a comprehensive projected research agenda to demonstrate theoretical discourses and empirical research. Overall, this critical review presents a holistic idea of the focus of the prior studies and what should be highlighted in future studies.