A systematic literature review of machine learning applications for community-acquired pneumonia
AffiliationUniversity of Leicester
University of Derby
University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester
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AbstractCommunity acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an acute respiratory disease with a high mortality rate. CAP management follows clinical and radiological diagnosis, severity evaluation and standardised treatment protocols. Although established in practice, protocols are labour intensive, time-critical and can be error prone, as their effectiveness depends on clinical expertise. Thus, an approach for capturing clinical expertise in a more analytical way is desirable both in terms of cost, expediency, and patient outcome. This paper presents a systematic literature review of Machine Learning (ML) applied to CAP. A search of three scholarly international databases revealed 23 relevant peer reviewed studies, that were categorised and evaluated relative to clinical output. Results show interest in the application of ML to CAP, particularly in image processing for diagnosis, and an opportunity for further investigation in the application of ML; both for patient outcome prediction and treatment allocation. We conclude our review by identifying potential areas for future research in applying ML to improve CAP management. This research was co-funded by the NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre and the University of Leicester.
CitationLozano-Rojas, D., Free, R.C., McEwan, A.A. and Woltmann, G., (2021). ‘A Systematic Literature Review of Machine Learning Applications for Community-Acquired Pneumonia’. In Su, R., Zhang, Y., D. and Liu, H. (Eds.). ‘International Conference on Medical Imaging and Computer-Aided Diagnosis’. Singapore: Springer. pp. 292-30.
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