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dc.contributor.authorClarke, Fiona J.
dc.contributor.authorKotera, Yasuhiro
dc.contributor.authorMcEwan, Kirsten
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-18T14:51:47Z
dc.date.available2021-06-18T14:51:47Z
dc.date.issued2021-06-15
dc.identifier.citationClarke, F.J., Kotera, Y. & McEwan, K., (2021). 'A Qualitative Study Comparing Mindfulness and Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing): Practitioners’ Perspectives'. Sustainability, 13(12), pp. 1-17.en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su13126761
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10545/625830
dc.description.abstractThe boundary between mindfulness and forest bathing, two conceptually related therapies, is unclear. Accordingly, this study reports the strengths and challenges, similarities and differences, and barriers and facilitators for both. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven trained and experienced practitioners of both mindfulness and forest bathing. Reflexive thematic analysis revealed four main themes: (i) differences between the approaches; (ii) the benefits of forest bathing; (iii) biophilia through forest bathing; and (iv) inward versus outward attentional focus as a distinction between the approaches. Both practices were found to benefit well-being, but practitioners revealed key barriers to mindfulness. For vulnerable groups experiencing mental health challenges or difficulties achieving a meditative state, mindfulness may introduce well-being risks. By offering a gentler, more intuitive approach that encourages outward attentional focus, forest bathing was found to overcome this barrier. Forest bathing is suitable for all groups, but adaptations are recommended for those expressing fear or discomfort in forested environments. The findings inform how to position both approaches in practice, as a first step towards social prescribing recommendations. Wider implications concern forest bathing’s potential to impact environmental well-being. Future research must garner comparative data, involve young people, and explore the feasibility of a forest bathing social prescription.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipN/Aen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/12/6761en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environmenten_US
dc.subjectGeography, Planning and Developmenten_US
dc.subjectManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Lawen_US
dc.subjectcompassionen_US
dc.subjectenvironmenten_US
dc.subjectforest bathingen_US
dc.subjectnatureen_US
dc.subjectmindfulnessen_US
dc.titleA Qualitative Study Comparing Mindfulness and Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing): Practitioners’ Perspectivesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2071-1050
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Birminghamen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Derbyen_US
dc.identifier.journalSustainabilityen_US
dc.identifier.piisu13126761
dc.source.journaltitleSustainability
dc.source.volume13
dc.source.issue12
dc.source.beginpage6761
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-06-08
refterms.dateFOA2021-06-18T14:51:47Z
dc.author.detail783564en_US


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