• The US incarceration machine

      Teague, Michael; Teesside University (The Justice Gap, 2012-02)
      The American criminal justice has long exerted a substantive impact on UK crime control policy. Issues such as the privatisation of criminal justice,'three strikes and you're out' (mandatory minimum prison sentencing), curfews and electronic monitoring ('tagging') all have their roots in US criminal justice. Our Europe-leading imprisonment rate appears positively puny compared to the USA's muscular embrace of mass incarceration. There is substantial evidence that US criminal justice system exerts a disproportional impact upon African Americans. Mass incarceration cannot proceed without immense social and economic resources. The penal system is the USA’s second biggest employer, with around three quarters of a million staff. It costs taxpayers $70 billion dollars each year.
    • Usability requirements for accessible tourism systems

      Michopoulou, Eleni; Buhalis, Dimitrios; University of Derby (Texas A&M University, 2014-01)
    • Use of lean robotic communication to improve social response of children with autism

      Talaei-Khoei, Amir; Lewis, Lundy; Kaul, Mala; Daniel, Jay; Sharma, Rajeev; University of Nevada; Southern New Hampshire University; University of Derby; University of Waikato (Association for Information Systems, 2017-01-01)
      In light of inconclusive results reported in the literature on the benefits of using robots to foster social skills in autistic children, this paper assesses the use of robots with no facial expressions to create basic structured communication with autistic children. We address the complexity of communication when autistic children cannot understand the unintentional facial expressions of human instructors in training sessions. The paper reports 19 training sessions of a mild autistic child interacting with a humanoid robot with approximate duration of 20 minutes each. It was observed that during these 19 sessions, the child improved his responses to the directives given by the robot. The paper discusses the results in terms of the implications for professionals in the field. Further, the study serves as a proof of concept for future contributions to media richness theory.
    • Use of social marketing principles in sexual health: an exploratory review

      Akbar, M Bilal; French, Jeff; Lawson, Alison; University of Derby (Westburn Publishers Ltd, 2020-09-17)
      This paper presents a systematic review of the use of social marketing principles in sexual health studies in order to determine the effectiveness of the programmes. Systematic literature review method was used, and Andreasen’s (2002) benchmark criteria were adopted to analyse the use of social marketing principles in the selected studies. There is evidence of full use of some elements of Andreasen’s (2002) benchmark criteria, for example, consumer research, behaviour change objectives and segmentation. The use of the marketing mix theory and exchange elements were limited, whereas the evidence of the use of competition is not noted. In addition, the majority of the selected studies focus on short-term objectives leading to varying and inconsistent outcomes. Overall, no single element of Andreasen’s (2002) benchmark criteria was independently associated with the success of any of the selected studies. The review highlights a need to use more social marketing principles in planning and implementing sexual health programmes to enhance their effectiveness. Improvement in performance might be achieved through the development and application of a new social marketing informed methodology for designing social programmes on sexual health.
    • Use of social networks by women in the Jordanian banking sector for career development

      Ali, Sa'ad; Ross, Catharine; Risheg, Layla; University of Worcester (2019)
    • The usefulness of psychopathy in explaining and predicting violence: discussing the utility of competing perspectives.

      Bergstrøm, Henriette; Larmour, Simon R.; Farrington, David P.; University of Derby; University of Cambridge (Elsevier, 2018-07-12)
      The current study is a review of the utility of psychopathy in violence risk assessment. Psychopathy has long been considered one of the most important factors when assessing the risk for future violence in forensic samples. Concerns about tautology have however indicated a need to critically assess the utility of psychopathy measures in risk assessment. We argue that the focus should be as much on the psychopathic personality in the explanation of violent behavior as on the psychopathic personality in the prediction of violent behavior. The main aim of this article is to contrast and discuss the utility of two different ways of conceptualizing and measuring the psychopathic personality, namely through the PCL scales and the CAPP. Existing evidence suggests that the CAPP and PCL are comparably strong predictors of violent behavior, but the CAPP is more dynamic (compared with the static PCL) and aims to measure psychopathic personality rather than past behavior. It is proposed that the CAPP is more useful in explaining violence and should be utilized more in future risk assessments for violence. Implications for future practice are discussed.
    • User Acceptance of Social Media for Travel and Tourism

      Michopoulou, Eleni; Pappas, Nikolaos; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2011-12-10)
    • Using a blended style of coaching

      Smith, Sue; University of Derby (Oxford Brookes University, 2017-02)
      This research focused on the coaching practices of internal coaches in a multimedia organisation. Survey questions were sent to 135 clients who had completed the ‘Coaching Programme’ since its inception. Although a pure style of coaching proved to be most effective in enabling clients to achieve their objectives, applying a blended style of coaching and mentoring achieved almost the same perception of effectiveness in achieving objectives. A blended style of coaching and counselling achieved the most highly rated blended style when applied by internal coaches; perceived to be as effective as pure coaching in terms of achieving objectives.
    • Using an integrated humanitarian supply chain ERP system to improve refugee flow management: a conceptual framework and validation

      Koliousis, Yannis; He, Qile; Wu, Qiang; Sarpong, David; Coventry University (Taylor & Francis, 2020-10-19)
      Effective coordination of relief efforts of organizations in the Humanitarian Supply Chain (HSC) is a challenge facing various organizations and stakeholders. Despite the importance of information sharing along the HSC, limited previous studies attempted to develop feasible information systems capable of facilitating the effective resource planning and inter-organisational coordination for better relief actions. This study proposes an integrated HSC Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system that utilizes the capabilities of the existing Maritime Transport Security Information Systems so as to improve lean operations of HSCs, and to optimize resources planning and usage during the stochastic assignment of accepting refugees and accommodating them in their journey to safer destinations. This paper introduces the conceptual framework of this integrated ERP system and validates the feasibility of this framework in the context of the Greek refugee crisis, involving perspectives of stakeholders in the Greek refugee crisis.
    • Using modeling to predict and prevent victimization.

      Pease, Ken; Tseloni, Andromachi; Loughborough University (Springer, 2014)
    • Using social capital to secure employment – wasta in the Jordanian banking sector

      Ali, Sa'ad; Kirk, S; Riaden, A; University of Worcester; Nottingham Trent University (2017)
      This paper set out to address the gap in our knowledge on how social capital impacts the employee selection process in banks operating in Jordan. Bonding and bridging social capital are used to explore the prevalent practice of ‘wasta’ in Jordan. the preliminary analysis of 17 in-depth interviews highlights two uses of wasta in employee selection. Namely, the use of wasta as a guide for employers in the decision to hire and the use of wasta as a pressure mechanism by candidates to attain employment in specific organisations. Previous research often associates wasta with the negative outcomes of not adhering to merit-based selection such as reduced workforce diversity, lack of employee engagement, and the lost opportunity cost from hiring unqualified candidates based their social connections. However, the interviewees signpost some positive uses of wasta such as its ability to confirm information about the candidate and his/ her fit with organisation’s culture prior to employment.
    • Using the income approach to calculate the voluntary sector's economic contribution to gross domestic product: a welsh case study

      Hasan, Mehdi; Binsardi, Ben; Glyndwr University (University of Wales Press, 2014-07-01)
      Assessing the economic contribution of the voluntary sector to gross domestic product can be considered methodologically as an under-researched area in the UK, since the majority of research work lacks detailed methodology, including unclear sampling procedures, questionable analytical techniques and unverified data sources. Notably, earlier studies mainly focused on approaches to estimate volunteers’ economic contribution, rather than discussing main economic models to measure overall income variables of the sector. Therefore, this article is expected to fill a gap in the literature by taking into account all possible income components of the sector, including factor payments, as the total income of the voluntary sector. An earlier study (Hasan, 2008) was conducted on the Wrexham voluntary sector to verify the applicability of the income approach. The main difficulties of Hasan’s research were twofold: there were insufficient data sources and there was reluctance on the part of voluntary organizations to supply monetary information. However, the earlier study recommended that the income approach gave the sector more accurate estimates (while not overly under- or over-estimating) when complete information regarding income, expenditure and volunteers’ hourly contribution were properly considered. Accordingly, this paper critically explores the utility of the income approach.
    • Value co-creation and co-destruction: considerations of spa servicescapes

      Buxton, Louise; Michopoulou, Eleni; University of Derby (Informa UK Limited, 2021-01-19)
      Spas are places that enable mind, body and spiritual harmony, and are therefore inextricably linked to the pursuit of health and wellbeing, as one of the most prominent forms of wellness tourism. Recent growth in the global spa industry is fuelled by increasing consumer interest in the pursuit of wellness. Concepts within the spa industry remain largely unexplored, thus, this conceptual paper aims to progress our understanding by considering opportunities for value co-creation and co-destruction in a spa context. In doing this, the paper unpacks the concept of the servicescape, explores the concept of authenticity and argues that understanding the consumption and production of experiences is central to understanding the creation of value in spa service settings.
    • 'Value for money' and the restaurant experience: a case study of supply and demand stakeholders.

      Alonso, Abel Duarte; Sakellarios, Nikolaos; Jones, Chris; Cseh, Leonard; Cooper, Sandra J.; Edith Cowan University; University of Derby (Inderscience Publishers, 2016-06-18)
      Using the case of a training restaurant open to paying guests, this study compares the perceptions of two groups of stakeholders with regard to different factors of the dining experience. The first group represents the supply side and is composed of 73 students involved in the preparation and delivery of menu dishes, while the demand side consists of 222 guests of the training restaurant. Both groups' level of agreement was similar when they identified gaps regarding the restaurant's performance in terms of décor, design, lighting and background music. The groups, however, differed in their perceptions of other elements, most notably regarding the selection of beverages, and the entertainment aspect of the dining experience (e.g., deboning fish in front of guests), with students clearly in lesser agreement. Overall, the study's findings demonstrate that involving different groups of stakeholders to evaluate the restaurant's performance could potentially enhance the dining experience.
    • Varieties of radicalism. examining the diversity of radical left parties and voters in Western Europe

      Gomez, Raul; Morales, Laura; Ramiro, Luis; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2015-08-07)
      Radical left parties (RLPs) are a diverse lot and several RLP subtypes have been distinguished in the literature. However, the degree to which these subtypes are associated with significantly different policy proposals has not been analysed. At the same time, little is known about whether these predicated subtypes are associated with differences in their voters' characteristics. In this article, we analyse the policy positions of RLPs across a number of issues using manifesto and expert survey data, allowing us to assess the nature of the differentiation between types of RLPs. We find that RLPs differ in the extent to which they adopt New Politics issues, and we propose a classification of Traditional and New Left RLPs. Using cross-national survey data coming from the European Election Studies series and multilevel multinomial models, we also examine the ideological, policy and social differences in the electorates of the various types of RLPs. We find socio-demographic and attitudinal differences between the voters of Traditional and New Left RLPs that are consistent with the programmatic differences of the parties.
    • Victims and protest in a social space: Revisiting the sociology of emotions

      Cayli, Baris; University of Derby (Elsevier, 2017-01-31)
      This article explores how activism and protest shaped cultural renewal through a march organised against the Italian mafia. Drawing on ethnographic insights, employing a reflexive method, taking research notes, using photos and recording the social protest, I introduce 'static agency' and 'dynamic agency' concepts to analyse the perplexing relationship modes among the activists and wider society. I argue that sociocultural codes are the pillars of static and dynamic agency through which the progressive actors strive for a change in the social space of activism. I claim that the fight against the public trouble -the mafia- has the capacity to sustain itself as a persistent cultural movement among the activists through emotional solidarity. However, this does not guarantee the defeat of public trouble in traumatic social geographies where the public culture dominates social behaviours and social memory. Yet the progressive social movements can attain cultural transformation through persistence in their struggle.
    • Violence and the crime drop

      Ganpat, Soenita; Garius, Laura; Andromachi, Tseloni; Tilley, Nick; University of Derby; Nottingham Trent University; University College London (Sage, 2020-05-15)
      According to the Crime Survey for England and Wales, violence fell dramatically between 1995 and 2013/14. To improve understanding of the fall in violent crime, this study examines long-term crime trends in England and Wales over the past two decades, by scrutinizing the trends between (a) stranger and acquaintance violence (b) severity of violence, (c) age groups, and (d) sexes. It draws on nationally-representative, weighted data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales, and examines prevalence, incidence and crime concentration trends. The overall violence fall was driven by a decline in the victimisation of young individuals and/or males, perpetrated by acquaintances since 1995. Stranger and acquaintance violence followed different trajectories, with the former beginning to drop post 2003/04. Falls in both stranger and acquaintance violence incidence rates were led by fewer victims over time. Counting all incidents reported by the same victim (instead of capping at five incidents) significantly affects trends in stranger violence but not in acquaintance violence In relation to the distributive justice within the crime drop, this study provides unique evidence of equitable falls in acquaintance violence but inequitable falls in stranger violence. These findings highlight the need to examine violence types separately and point to a number of areas for future research.
    • Violence trends and other criminology research.

      Ganpat, Soenita Minakoemarie; Tseloni, Andromachi; Nottingham Trent University (2016-05-11)
    • Violence trends project: Homicide and other criminology research.

      Ganpat, Soenita Minakoemarie; Tseloni, Andromachi; Nottingham Trent University (2014-05-17)
      This presentation will showcase research relevant to policing undertaken by academics at Nottingham Trent University, Social Sciences. Based on rigorous statistical analyses of large national data, evidence of the work included herein can assist police public protection and reassurance operations and crime reduction via targeting: • Individuals or households in different circumstances experiencing or at high risk of: o acquaintance violence and / or stranger violence (Prof Andromachi Tseloni and Dr Soenita Ganpat); o night -time economy violence (Dr Laura Garius); o lethal violence / homicide (Dr Soenita Ganpat); o anti-social behaviour (Dr Rebecca Thompson, Professor Andromachi Tseloni and Bethany Ward); o domestic burglary via offering advice or practical assistance for security upgrades depending on their circumstances (Prof Andromachi Tseloni, Dr Rebecca Thompson, Dr James Hunter and Bethany Ward); • Young people and children in abusive families with effective measures to interrupt inter-generational transmission of violence (Dr Chris Crowther-Dowey); • Sites and circumstances of high risk of metal theft (Dr Matt Ashby); • Using CCTV in crime investigations, crime analysis methods and transport crime (Dr Matt Ashby); • Types of retail sector businesses and local areas profiles of high risk of shop theft, including measures to discourage offenders and interrupt their Modus Operandi (Dr James Hunter and Dr Laura Garius); and • Muslim women at high risk of experiencing hate crime (Dr Irene Zempi). In addition an analysis of the new, hybrid system of professionalisation and regulation of the police in England and Wales will also be presented (Prof Simon Holdaway). Resources on all the above studies and a directory of relevant on-going research will be made available
    • Violence unfolding. An exploration of the interaction sequence in lethal and non-lethal violent events.

      Ganpat, Soenita Minakoemarie; van der Leun, Joanne; Nieuwbeerta, Paul; Nottingham Trent University; Leiden University (Medwin Publishers, 2017-08-04)
      Violent events typically entail an interaction between an offender, a victim and a context. Many of these events involve different stages which can be decisive, and some eventually end fatally. To better understand the mechanisms leading to a lethal or non-lethal outcome of violent encounters, this explorative study investigates the interaction sequence during these serious violent events. Based on detailed analysis of 160 Dutch court files, this study uses an innovative methodology examining the unfolding of events that ultimately resulted in a lethal or a non-lethal outcome. Findings show differences in the interaction sequence, and especially when the role of third parties and subtypes of conflict (i.e. male-to-male violence and male-to-female intimate partner violence) are considered.