• Detecting truth in suspect interviews: the effect of use of evidence (early and gradual) and time delay on Criteria-Based Content Analysis, Reality Monitoring and inconsistency within suspect statements

      McDougall, Alice Jennifer; Bull, Ray; University of Leicester; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2015-01-03)
      The strategic use of evidence in interviews with suspects has been shown to increase the ability of interviewers to accurately and consistently distinguish truthful from deceptive accounts. The present study considers the effect of early and gradual revelation of evidence by the interviewer, and the effect of shorter and longer delay on the verbal quality of truth-teller and liar statements within a mock crime paradigm. It was hypothesised that gradual disclosure of evidence (1) in terms of inconsistencies (a) within statements and (b) between statements and such evidence and (2) of the criteria of Criteria-Based Content Analysis (CBCA) and of Reality Monitoring (RM) would emphasise differences in the verbal quality of truth-teller and liar statements. Forty-two high school students took part in the study. The use of statement-evidence and within-statement inconsistency appears to be a robust cue to deception across interview style and delay. This indicates that gradual disclosure in interviews may increase interviewer accuracy in veracity decisions by eliciting statement inconsistencies. However, gradual revelation and delay affected the ability of CBCA and RM criteria to distinguish the veracity of suspect statements.
    • Determinants of public education expenditure: evidence from Indian states.

      Chatterji, Monojit; Mohan, Sushil; Ghosh Dastidar, Sayantan; University of Dundee; University of Cambridge; University of Brighton (Inderscience, 2015-04-10)
      Public education expenditure varies significantly across Indian states. Using data on 16 Indian states from 2001-2010, the paper tries to identify the determinants of per capita education expenditure of state governments in India. The econometric findings indicate that richer states spend more on education compared to the poorer states. A lower share of child population (0-14 years) is found to significantly enhance education expenditure at the state level. We do not find any evidence that political factors such as political ideology of the ruling party and level of corruption affect education expenditure of state governments.
    • Developing a conceptual model to evaluate green suppliers: Decision making method using DEMATEL

      Daniel, Jay; Talaei-Khoei, Amir; University of Technology Sydney (AIS Electronic Library (AISeL), 2016-01-01)
      Nowadays stakeholder pressure and public awareness have been raised against companies‟ environmental impacts, so green supply chain management (GSCM) seems vital for companies‟ environmental compliance and business growth. Companies continuously seek novel ideas and methods enabling them to obtain and/or maintain environmental sustainability. Greening the supply chain is one of such innovative idea involving all of the business value-adding operations, comprising purchasing and in-bound logistics, production and manufacturing, distribution, out-bound logistics and collaboration with patrons and suppliers in a way that has the least negative environmental effect. The main objective of the present study is finding interrelationship between green supplier criteria. For this to happen, we investigated experts‟ opinions through nominal group technique (NGT) to find out the interrelationship and causal preferences of the green supplier evaluation aspects using Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) method. A numerical example demonstrates the application of the proposed model.
    • Developing a new conceptual framework of meaningful interaction for understanding social isolation and loneliness

      Wigfield, Andrea; Turner, Royce; Alden, Sarah; Green, Marcus; Karania, Vinal; University of Sheffield; University of Derby; Age UK (Cambridge Journals, 2020-11-24)
      Academic debate about social isolation and loneliness, and their adverse health and well-being implications, has resulted in many policy and programme interventions directed towards reducing both, especially among older people. However, definitions of the two concepts, their measurement, and the relationship between the two are not clearly articulated. This article redresses this and draws on theoretical constructs adapted from symbolic interactionism, together with the Good Relations Measurement Framework, developed for the Equality and Human Rights Commission in the UK, to challenge the way in which social isolation and loneliness are currently understood. It argues for a need to understand experiences of social relationships, particularly those which facilitate meaningful interaction, suggesting that opportunities and barriers to meaningful interaction are determined by wider societal issues. This is set out in a new conceptual framework which can be applied across the life course and facilitates a new discourse for understanding these challenging concepts.
    • Developing a new multidimensional model for selecting strategic plans in balanced scorecard

      Daniel, Jay; Merigó, JM; University of Derby; University of Technology Sydney; University of Chile (IOS Press, 2020-08-11)
      The main motivation of this research is to develop an innovative multidimensional model through multi attribute decision making (MADM) methods for strategic plans selection process in the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). The current study has adopted MADM analytical methods including AHP, ELECTRE, BORDA, TOPSIS and SAW to rank the initiatives / strategic plans in BSC. Then the results of those methods have been compared against each other in order to find a robust model for selecting strategic plans. The correlation coefficient between methods has indicated that multidimensional and ELECTRE methods with 0.944 are the best and AHP with negative correlation (–0.455) is the worst method for selecting strategic plans in BSC. It has shown that the model can be useful and effective tool to finding the critical aspects of evaluation criteria as well as the gaps to improve company’s performance for achieving desired level. Developing multidimensional model is the core model for the selection of strategic plans. This study addresses the problem and issues of group decision making process for selecting strategic plans in BSC. It has numerous contributions that particularly includes; 1) Determination of the explicit criteria sub-criteria and criteria to improve ranking strategic plans in BSC, 2) Adopting MADM analytical methods including AHP, ELECTRE, BORDA, TOPSIS and SAW for the selection of strategic plans decision problem in BSC, 3) Developing multidimensional model to address the selection of strategic plans problems in BSC. The proposed model will provide an approach to facilitate strategic plans decision problem in BSC.
    • Developing a scale to measure the presence of possible prejudicial stereotyping in police interviews with suspects: The Minhas Investigative Interviewing Prejudicial Stereotyping Scale (MIIPSS)

      Minhas, Rashid Ali; Walsh, Dave; Bull, Ray; University of Derby (Taylor and Francis, 2016-10-31)
      If police interviewers hold negative feelings towards certain groups, this may affect how they interview them (either as victims, witnesses or suspects) in that they may not obtain reliable accounts, being the aim of such interviews. The Minhas Investigative Interviewing Prejudicial Stereotyping Scale (MIIPSS) has been developed to assess the level of any investigative interviewers' prejudicial stereotyping towards suspects. The current exploratory study involved semi-structured interviews with twenty people, who had previously been interviewed as suspects in England and also eight very experienced lawyers. Both their views were measured using the MIIPSS before being subjected to a Guttman analysis. Statistical analyses showed that MIIPSS satisfies the criteria for classification as a valid unidimensional and cumulative scale. Therefore, researchers could use MIIPSS as a tool to measure prejudicial stereotyping in investigative interviews. Interviewers could also use MIIPSS to monitor their own attitudes towards certain groups or individuals suspected of different types of crimes.
    • Developing and delivering L&D solutions for international markets

      Ali, Sa'ad; Loon, M; University of Worcester; Bath Spa University (Kogan Page, 2016-11-03)
      In Chapter 8, 'Developing and delivering L&D solutions for international markets', Sa'ad Ali and I examine how different dynamics within and amongst countries can impact the development and delivery of L&D. We build upon the previous chapters, in particular Chapters 5 to 7 that discussed how L&D solutions may be developed in consideration of enhancing engagement, the digital world, and collective and social learning. In doing so, we examine how the effectiveness, and even appropriateness of the concepts discussed in these chapters, may be contingent on country-specific factors such as culture.
    • Developing graduate entrepreneurs: exploring the experiences of university entrepreneurs in residence

      Aluthgama-Baduge, Chinthaka; Rajasinghe, Duminda; University of Derby; University of Northampton (Nottingham Business School & Academy of Human Resource Development, 2019-06)
      This study aims to explore the coaching experience of entrepreneurs in residence in the UK higher education institutions. ‘The entrepreneurs in residence’ is a relatively new intervention. The individuals who hold these positions appear to claim that they coach the potential entrepreneurs to facilitate to acquire required skills to become successful entrepreneurs. However, this is a relatively under-researched area both within coaching and enterprise/entrepreneurship education. Therefore, we aim to explore individual experience of entrepreneurs in residence (provider of the service) and the students' (receiver) perspectives to develop a deeper understanding of how entrepreneurs in residence supports students to gain required understanding, skills and knowledge to become successful entrepreneurs in future. We ask: How entrepreneurs in residence make sense of their intervention / experience in coaching practice? Therefore, our main aim is to explore entrepreneurs in residences’ experience to address the previously highlighted research and practice gap. The student perspectives are used to develop additional understanding of entrepreneurs in residences’ sense-making. Considering the subjective and contextual nature of the study, and its interest in human experience and hermeneutics, the study is conducted adopting Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) as the research methodology. This is a working paper, therefore, there is no empirical data collected but the study aims to contribute to develop understanding of the role of entrepreneurs in residence in the UK universities, i.e. their role in developing future entrepreneurs. This study has potential in influencing policy while informing practice and the literature.
    • Developing the cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors scales.

      Betts, Lucy R.; Spenser, Karin A.; Nottingham Trent University; Department of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom; Department of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom (Taylor and Francis, 2017-04-12)
      The reported prevalence rates of cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors vary. Part of this variation is likely due to the diverse definitions and operationalizations of the constructs adopted in previous research and the lack of psychometrically robust measures. Through 2 studies, the authors developed (Study 1) and evaluated (Study 2) the cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors scales. Participants in Study 1 were 393 (122 boys, 171 girls) and in Study 2 were 345 (153 boys, 192 girls) 11–15-year-olds who completed measures of cyber victimization experiences, cyberbullying behaviors, face-to-face victimization experiences, face-to-face bullying behaviors, and social desirability. The 3-factor cyber victimization experiences scale comprised threat, shared images, and personal attack. The 3-factor cyberbullying behaviors scale comprised sharing images, gossip, and personal attack. Both scales demonstrated acceptable internal consistency and convergent validity.
    • Development and evaluation on a wireless multi-gas-sensors system for improving traceability and transparency of table grape cold chain

      Wang, Xiang; He, Qile; Matetic, Maja; Jemric, Tomislav; Zhang, Xiaoshuan; China Agricultural University, Beijing, China; Coventry University; University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia; University of Zagreb (Elsevier BV, 2017-02-17)
      There is increasing requirement to improve traceability and transparency of table grapes cold chain. Key traceability indicators including temperature, humidity and gas microenvironments (e.g., CO2, O2, and SO2) based on table grape cold chain management need to be monitored and controlled. This paper presents a Wireless Multi-Gas-Sensors System (WGS2) as an effective real-time cold chain monitoring system, which consists of three units: (1) the WMN which applies the 433 MHz as the radio frequency to increase the transmission performance and forms a wireless sensor network; (2) the WAN which serves as the intermediary to connect the users and the sensor nodes to keep the sensor data without delay by the GPRS remote transmission module; (3) the signal processing unit which contains embedded software to drive the hardware to normal operation and shelf life prediction for table grapes. Then the study evaluates the WGS2 in a cold chain scenario and analyses the monitoring data. The results show that the WGS2 is effective in monitoring quality, and improving transparency and traceability of table grape cold chains. Its deploy ability and efficiency in implantation can enable the establishment of a more efficient, transparent and traceable table grape supply chain.
    • The development of a best practice internal coaching framework

      Smith, Sue; Dupernex, Simon; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2015-07)
      The aim of the research was to establish what the benefits are of internal coaching, how internal coaching practices can be improved, and to see if a best practice model for internal coaching could be developed. Design / methodology / approach In this three year longitudinal study of internal coaching within a large national multimedia organisation, the clients behaviour was assessed prior to the coaching using a bespoke 360 degree feedback instrument, with the coaching programme duration (including the collation of feedback) being approximately 9 months per client. The data provided from the feedback instrument was discussed with the client at the initial coaching session and they were then encouraged to identify behaviours they wanted to improve, and to set objectives which they were to action between coaching sessions. Further objectives were then set depending on the progress made, and priorities perceived by the client. This cycle of monitoring performance and being held accountable for progress was repeated throughout the coaching sessions. After the last coaching session, clients were encouraged to approach their colleagues who had provided original data on their performance and provide a brief review of targeted behaviours, and provide evidence to substantiate improvements. Findings The research found that internal coaching had a positive impact on both performance and on achieving business outcomes. Originality / Value The research makes a valuable contribution to the recognition of the benefits of internal coaching as an effective means of developing an evidence based improvement in coaching clients, as well as the development of a best practice framework which considers the characteristics of the coach, the roles of the coach and the client, and the conditions conducive for the coaching to produce a positive impact.
    • The development of accounting practices and the adoption of IFRS in selected MENA countries.

      Booloaky, Pran Kirshansing; Omoteso, Kamil; Ibrahim, Masud Usman; Adelopo, Ismail A.; Griffith University; Coventry Unviversity; University of the West of England (Emerald, 2018-08-13)
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of accounting development and the adoption of IFRS in the four foremost economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)—Egypt, Jordan, Libya and UAE. Through the lens of institutional theory, the study investigates the impact of economic, political, legal and cultural institutions on the development of these countries’ accounting practices and their readiness to use IFRS. Design/methodology/approach This research uses accounting development indices obtained from current literature as well as recent World Economic Forum and UNCTAD reports to examine the development of accounting in these MENA countries and their inclination to adopt IFRS. Findings The study identifies a number of impediments to the development of accounting practices and adoption of IFRS in these countries. It also reveals that three of the four MENA countries (Egypt, Jordan and UAE) could be placed on a level playing field with their principal trading partners (the US, the UK, Germany and Italy) given the formers’ business environments, methods of raising finance and levels of professional accounting practices. Research Implications/limitations Although limited to only four jurisdictions, findings from the study have important implications for investors and parties that are interested in improving the value relevance of the information presented by firms especially in a globalised economy with increasing cross-listing. Originality/value This study extends the frontier of knowledge on the development of accounting and IFRS adoption by focusing on the MENA region. It is the first effort that the authors are aware of to adopt such a multifarious approach.
    • Dialogue theories II.

      Sener, Omer; Sleap, Frances; Weller, Paul; Sener, Omer; Sleap, Frances; Weller, Paul; University of Derby (Dialogue Society, 2016)
      This edited volume introduces the work of fifteen different individual and insightful thinkers with significant contributions to make to thought on dialogue. They come from diverse fields ranging from philosophy to family therapy and from sociology to music. Distinguished authors from a range of professional backgrounds in academia and dialogue practice present thinkers whose works they know intimately. In the contexts of intractable conflict, bitter political polarisation and complex economic and ecological crises, 'dialogue' is often raised as an alternative or as (part of) a solution. The thinkers introduced here delve deeply into what dialogue is and what it might be capable of. This book is intended to inform and inspire anyone with an interest in the meaning and value of dialogue, whether that interest is academic, professional or personal. No knowledge is assumed and authors have sought to adopt a readable style. Each chapter presents a short biography of a thinker and the core of his or her ideas, relates those ideas to the practices of dialogue and suggests further reading and questions for reflection. This is a book which seeks not only to contribute to academic reflection but also to give practical dialogue ideas and to start further conversations. The book is a companion volume to the Dialogue Theories book published in 2013, which presented ten other thinkers.
    • Did firm age, experience, and access to finance count? SME performance after the global financial crisis

      Cowling, M; Liu, W; Zhang, N.; University of Brighton (Springer, 10/05/2017)
      This paper examines the relationships between firm age and entrepreneurs experience on SME performance after the 2008/09 global financial crisis. We find that in general the crisis had a long-lasting scarring effect on the SME sector, but there is evidence of some recovery in performance. Interestingly, the well-established, and negative, firm age-growth relationship still holds, but entrepreneurial experience did not have any substantive effects on small business performance. Our findings suggest that the severity of the crisis meant that previous entrepreneur experiences had little value in this unique and uncertain environment. However, young firms still accounted for a disproportionately high share of growth, especially among the fastest growing firms.
    • Did removing prudence from the Conceptual Framework impact accounting conservatism?

      Conway, Elaine; University of Derby (Inderscience, 2020-04-24)
      The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) removed explicit reference to the concept of prudence within the Conceptual Framework (CF) with effect from September 2010. This paper examines whether practitioner concerns that the removal of prudence might lead to a decrease in accounting conservatism and an increase in earnings management or overstated results were justified. It takes a sample of firms from the UK FTSE350, Australian ASX 300 and the South African JALSH (Johannesburg All Share) and evaluates three popular measures of accounting conservatism over the fourteen-year period of 2003-2016 (seven years pre and post the removal of prudence from the CF). The measures of accounting conservatism used were asymmetric timeliness of earnings, market-to-book ratio and total/non-operating accruals. Using all three measures, there was no evidence that the level of accounting conservatism has reduced during the period following the removal of prudence in the CF in those countries using IFRS. Despite this, the debate around prudence has continued and the IASB has since decided to reinstate it in the 2018 revised CF, effective 1 January 2020.
    • Did you save some cash for a rainy COVID-19 day? The crisis and SMEs

      Cowling, Marc; Brown, Ross; Rocha, Augusto; University of Derby; University of St Andrews (SAGE, 2020-08-04)
      As COVID-19 spreads across the globe, a common public policy response has been to enforce the temporary closure of non-essential business activity. In some countries, governments have underwritten a proportion of the wage income for staff forced to furlough or broadened their welfare systems to accommodate newly laid off workers or small business owners. While these actions are helpful, they do not explicitly address the lack of sales trading activity on business income and cash balances. In commentary, we identify what types of businesses have been increasing their cash holdings in the lead up to COVID-19 as an indication of what types of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are most at risk if the lockdown extends for a protracted period of time. We find that only 39% of the of businesses were bolstering their cash balances leading up to COVID-19 which suggests that 61% of businesses may run out of cash, including 8.6% that had no retained earnings whatsoever with micro firms at particular risk. The importance of precautionary saving for SMEs is critical to enhance resilience when Black Swan events occur.
    • Differential market valuations of board busyness across alternative banking models

      Elnahas, Marwa; Omoteso, Kamil; Salama, Aly; Trinh, Vu Quang; Newcastle University; University of Derby (Springer, 2019-09-03)
      This study comparatively assesses the influence of board busyness (i.e., multiple directorships of outside directors) on stock market valuations of both Islamic and conventional banks. For a sample of listed banks from 11 countries for the period 2010-2015, results show that board busyness is differentially priced by investors depending on the bank type. In conventional banks, board busyness is significantly and positively valued by the stock market. This result suggests that investors perceive some reputational benefits arising from a busy board (e.g., extended industry knowledge, established external networks or facilitation of external market sources). In contrast, we find no supporting evidence on the market valuations of board busyness in Islamic banks. This result might be attributed to, both, the complex governance structure and the uniqueness of the business model which require additional effective monitoring, relative to that employed in conventional banking. Our results also show that investors provide significantly low market valuations for busy Shari’ah advisory board which acts as an additional layer of governance in Islamic banks. Findings in this study offer important policy implications to international banking studies and regulations governing countries with dual-banking systems.
    • Digital methodologies in the sociology of religion.

      Cheruvallil-Contractor, Sariya; Shakkour, Suha; University of Derby (Bloomsbury Academic, 2015-12-17)
      This volume considers the implementation difficulties of researching religion online and reflects on the ethical dilemmas faced by sociologists of religion when using digital research methods. Bringing together established and emerging scholars, global case studies draw on the use of social media as a method for researching religious oppression, religion and identity in virtual worlds, digital communication within religious organisations, and young people's diverse expressions of faith online. Additionally, boxed tips are provided throughout the text to serve as reminders of tools that readers may use in their own research projects.
    • Diplomacy and the politics of fear: the 21st century challenges to the theory and practice of Diplomacy and International Relations

      Jegede, Francis; Todd, Malcolm; Stubbs, John; Hodgson, Philip; Univeristy of Derby (LHSS, University of Derby, 2016-09-12)
      Conflicts, political unrest, mass migration and the rise of violent extremism by non-state actors are features that have characterized the early 21st century. A huge challenge to world peace and security is posed by volatile economic and political conditions around the world. This situation has led to a growing tension in many inter-state relations which arguably has underpinned the rise of groups such as Al Qaeda and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the Middle East, the Boko Haram in West Africa, and Al Shabaab in East Africa. Arguably, there is a growing sense of fear and unease in every sphere of social, economic and political life. More than at any other time in human history, the future seems uncertain. Relationships and trusts between states and their citizens are breaking down; relations, mutual cooperation and connections between states are under strain; there is growing sense of disillusionment by the governed of the ability of governments and mainstream political establishments to address their concerns and meet their needs. The feeling of uncertainty and general fear for the future is real. While these may not necessarily be universally held views, there is a growing indication that people and communities around the world are feeling dissatisfied and may be threatened by mainstream political systems. Just when it is most needed, diplomacy and diplomatic practice seem to be taking the back seat in the face of growing conflicts. This conference examines the socio-economic and political environment that creates social and political discontent, political apathy, the weakening of inter-state relations, and the general sense of fear.
    • Disassembly and deconstruction analytics system (D-DAS) for construction in a circular economy

      Akanbi, Lukman A.; Oyedele, Lukumon O.; Omoteso, Kamil; Bilal, Muhammad; Akinade, Olugbenga O.; Ajayi, Anuoluwapo O.; Davila Delgado, Juan Manuel; Owolabi, Hakeem A.; Coventry University (Elsevier, 2019-03-15)
      Despite the relevance of building information modelling for simulating building performance at various life cycle stages, Its use for assessing the end-of-life impacts is not a common practice. Even though the global sustainability and circular economy agendas require that buildings must have minimal impact on the environment across the entire lifecycle. In this study therefore, a disassembly and deconstruction analytics system is developed to provide buildings’ end-of-life performance assessment from the design stage. The system architecture builds on the existing building information modelling capabilities in managing building design and construction process. The architecture is made up of four different layers namely (i) Data storage layer, (ii) Semantic layer, (iii) Analytics and functional models layer and (iv) Application layer. The four layers are logically connected to function as a single system. Three key functionalities of the disassembly and deconstruction analytics system namely (i) Building Whole Life Performance Analytics (ii) Building Element Deconstruction Analytics and (iii) Design for Deconstruction Advisor are implemented as plug-in in Revit 2017. Three scenarios of a case study building design were used to test and evaluate the performance of the system. The results show that building information modelling software capabilities can be extended to provide a platform for assessing the performance of building designs in respect of the circular economy principle of keeping the embodied energy of materials perpetually in an economy. The disassembly and deconstruction analytics system would ensure that buildings are designed with design for disassembly and deconstruction principles that guarantee efficient materials recovery in mind. The disassembly and deconstruction analytics tool could also serve as a decision support platform that government and planners can use to evaluate the level of compliance of building designs to circular economy and sustainability requirements.