• Qualitative analysis of qualitative evaluation: an exploratory examination of investigative interviewers’ reflections on their performance

      Griffiths, Andy; Walsh, Dave; University of Derby; Department of Social Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK; Department of Social Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK (Taylor and Francis, 2017-10-12)
      Self-evaluation of interviews conducted by law enforcement professionals is a principal feature of a prescribed interview framework in England and Wales, underpinning their practice development. However, self-evaluation has been found in prior research to be neglected. Building on our recent study (which found that interviewers regularly over-rated themselves, when compared to our independent ratings), the same interviewers assessed their interview skills by way of completing an extensive reflective log. We found that those we regarded as skilled in our prior study tended to be more accurate in identifying their strengths and areas for improvement, while planning to correct such shortfalls in their future practice. On the other hand, those we had earlier rated as least skilled tended to be much less reflective, being both descriptive and inaccurate in their understanding of key interview tasks. They also remained inaccurate concerning their own interview skills, failing to be prospective in planning to improve their skills. As such, while reflective logs appear to be, for skilled interviewers, both a prompt for accurate self-assessment and a catalyst for planning further professional development, we also caution that such tools need further refinement to achieve the same goals for those either less reflective or less skilled.
    • A qualitative assessment of providing quality electronically mediated feedback for students in higher education

      Lees, Dave; Carpenter, Victoria (2013-06-24)
      Abstract: The subject of feedback for students is one of the most important contributors to the student experience and attracts one of the lowest responses within the National Union of Students survey. This paper reports on the feasibility of providing feedback on written assignments by marking electronically using the comments function on Microsoft Word and also providing verbal feedback via use of a hand held digital voice recorder. The students (post graduate part-time business students) were surveyed as to their response to this feedback. The paper reports the feedback from both the tutor and the student perspective and examines the impact on the experience of both groups. The results were positively in favour of the use of audio feedback but are different to results in other studies in that it is concluded that a combination of both typed and verbal feedback was preferred by the students. Keywords: audio-feedback; feedback; written feedback; electronically mediated feedback; recorded feedback; online submission; assessment; student experience; National Student Survey; NSS.
    • Quality improvement projects in catheterization laboratories: a systematic literature review

      Martinez, Cecilia Rodriguez; Gonzalez Aleu, Fernando; Granda, Edgar M.A.; Nadeem, Simon Peter; University of Derby (IEOM Society, 2020-03-10)
      A catheterization laboratory (Cath lab) is a place that has high-tech equipment that mainly allows the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, which represents 31% of all global deaths, according to the World Health Organization. (WHO, 2019) In an attempt to minimize process inefficiencies in Cath Lab, these organizations have been using quality improvement projects such as Six Sigma, Lean Six Sigma, Kaizen events (rapid improvement events), general quality improvement projects (plan-do-check-act) and others. However, there is a lack of publications synthesizing the literature available in this research field (quality improvement project). Therefore, this paper aim is to assess the published literature relating quality improvement projects in Cath labs in three dimensions: publication characteristics, author characteristics, and content characteristics. To achieve the purpose of this research, a systematic literature review (SLR) will be conducted to obtain the most relevant papers from three platforms: EBSCOhost, ProQuest, and Scopus.
    • Quantitative impacts of mandatory integrated reporting

      Conway, Elaine; University of Derby (Emerald, 2019-12-02)
      This paper examines the impact of the 2011 mandatory introduction of integrated reporting (IR) on the financial performance, risk and institutional shareholding of listed companies in South Africa to assess whether there is a benefit to IR and which may encourage greater adoption of it globally. It contrasts the results with two other African stock exchanges (Nigeria and Egypt with no mandatory IR) and examines whether IR quality also has an impact on these and on Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) disclosure scores. A series of multivariate ordinary least squares regressions were estimated on a range of financial, risk, institutional and ESG data from firms on the three African stock exchanges, between 2006-2015. Financial performance and risk in South African firms appear to have decreased since the start of mandatory reporting, but institutional shareholding has increased. The production of higher quality reports is associated with decreased financial performance and risk, higher institutional shareholding and increased ESG scores. This study is first to test the quantitative effects of IR and IR quality on a broad range of financial performance and risk measures and the level of institutional shareholding. It also adds to the literature by assessing how the quality of IR can impact the ESG scoring of the business. Hence this study is of interest to firms looking to adopt IR for its benefits and to regulatory bodies considering the mandatory adoption of IR in support of achievement of national social and environmental goals.
    • Quintavalle: The quandry in bioethics

      Cherkassky, Lisa; University of Derby (Cleveland State University, 2016-12-31)
      The case of R. (Quintavalle) v. Human Fertilisation Embryology Authority (and Secretary of State for Health) presents a handful of legal problems. The biggest legal query to arise from the case is the inevitable harvest of babies, toddlers and very young children for their bone marrow. This article unpacks the judicial story behind Quintavalle to reveal how the strict provisions of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 - namely ‘suitable condition’ under schedule 2 paragraph 1(1)(a) and ‘treatment services’ and ‘assisting’ under section 2(1) - were widely misinterpreted to introduce the social selection of embryos into law. The legal loopholes created by the judgment (embryo wastage, welfare, eugenics and the legality of child harvest in particular) are also identified. It will be concluded that screening for a tissue match is social selection despite arguments to the contrary and that parents are not yet entitled in law to harvest a very young child for bone marrow, making the creation of a saviour sibling under the 1990 Act as a result of Quintavalle ultimately futile.
    • R v Hendy: intoxication and diminished responsibility

      Cherkassky, Lisa; University of Sunderland (2007)
    • The ravages of social catastrophe: striving for the quest of 'Another World'

      Cayli, Baris; University of Stirling (2015-01-28)
      The social order of the current system has brought an increase in the public dissents and turned to a 'normalized sociological pathology' of the postmodern world. The unyielding public resistance examples in different cultural geographies, which are fragmented, limited and yet significant and expanding struggles, convey the message that the global order of the Powerful has entered the age of stagnation. This article aims to shed new light on the relationship between the social protests and global order that has given rise to new identities of local and global injustice. I argue that social protests in the last years display discernible patterns of a change in cultural perceptions of the activists in different public spaces. On the one hand, this signals the emergence of a new public order in the 21st century. On the other hand, the ravages of social catastrophe shape the very dynamics of the same public culture. ‘Enduring and resisting public cultures’ is introduced in this article as a benchmark to identify ethnographic struggles of the activists for the quest of a new public space, which represents ‘Another World’.
    • RE: AB (termination of pregnancy)[2019] EWA CIV 1215: ‘wishes and feelings’ under the mental capacity act 2005

      Cherkassky, Lisa; University of Derby (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020-06-15)
      In Re: AB (Termination of Pregnancy), the Court of Appeal was asked to consider an assumption made about the future living arrangements of a pregnant patient, and the weight to be ascribed to her wishes and feelings when she had no real understanding of her predicament. This commentary explores the importance of taking into account the perspective of the patient, even if suffering from a mental disorder, and it will analyse the existing common law to show that the weaker the ability of the patient to form her own wishes and feelings, the more appropriate it would be to rely on the remaining evidence.
    • Recidivism

      Teague, Michael; Taylor, Paul; Corteen, Karen; Morley, Sharon; University of Derby (Policy Press, 2014-10)
      Recidivism refers to the repetition of offending behaviour. Official statistics may provide an inexact picture of recidivism, because a significant proportion of crime is under-reported
    • Reconfiguring the role of local cultural intermediaries in the tourist encounter

      Azara, Iride; University of Derby (University of Algarve, 2013-10-04)
    • Recovery capital pathways: Modelling the components of recovery wellbeing

      Cano, Ivan; Best, David; Edwards, Michael; Lehman, John; Sheffield Hallam University; Florida Association of Recovery Residences, United States (Elsevier BV, 2017-09-28)
      In recent years, there has been recognition that recovery is a journey that involves the growth of recovery capital. Thus, recovery capital has become a commonly used term in addiction treatment and research yet its operationalization and measurement has been limited. Due to these limitations, there is little understanding of long-term recovery pathways and their clinical application. We used the data of 546 participants from eight different recovery residences spread across Florida, USA. We calculated internal consistency for recovery capital and wellbeing, then assessed their factor structure via confirmatory factor analysis. The relationships between time, recovery barriers and strengths, wellbeing and recovery capital, as well as the moderating effect of gender, were estimated using structural equations modelling. The proposed model obtained an acceptable fit (χ2 (141, N = 546) = 533.642, p < 0.001; CMIN/DF = 3.785; CFI = 0.915; TLI = 0.896; RMSEA = 0.071). Findings indicate a pathway to recovery capital that involves greater time in residence (‘retention’), linked to an increase in meaningful activities and a reduction in barriers to recovery and unmet needs that, in turn, promote recovery capital and positive wellbeing. Gender differences were observed. We tested the pathways to recovery for residents in the recovery housing population. Our results have implications not only for retention as a predictor of sustained recovery and wellbeing but also for the importance of meaningful activities in promoting recovery capital and wellbeing.
    • Reflecting on perceptions of local communities and visitors: Sustainable heritage leisure and tourism

      Spring, Charles; Wakefield, Lisa; University of Derby (Palgrave McMillan, 2020-06-25)
      The two aspects of Positive Sociology; those of psychology and sociology indicate that communities would prefer that they are engaged and involved in their local leisure activities. Visitors gain satisfaction from experiences they are engaged in. Understanding what these would be is important to destinations. Buxton is undertaking a major regeneration project at the Crescent, a hotel complex with ancillary buildings one of which is the Pump Room. The purpose of research undertaken by students, overseen by academics and members of staff from Buxton Crescent and Thermal Spa; was to gain an insight into visitor and community perceptions of Buxton, The Crescent Hotel and The Pump Room. A sustainable use could then be determined for the Pump Room, which has a rich history of visitor use prior to its closure in the 1990’s. Qualitative research was carried out in order to gain a deeper insight into the quality of the community and visitor experience. Quantitative research was used to capture and portray demographics. Data was analysed comparing visitor and community expectations and perceptions of Buxton. Key themes emerging suggest that both visitor and community perceptions and expectations were very similar. The majority of visitors choose Buxton for heritage and culture or the scenery and both groups agreed the most appealing aspects of the Crescent and towns spa heritage, were the history, architecture, outdoor environment and surrounding beauty. Themes regarding future use of the Pump Room gave conflicting opinions. The most common response for both visitors and residents was a tea room/café/restaurant in keeping with the 5* Crescent Hotel. Another theme, which emerged from visitors, was for an entertainment venue. It could be argued that residents and visitors need a better understanding of the Pump Room in order to have a better vision of how it can best be adapted and restored. The authors of this article would suggest that further research is needed with both residents and visitors.
    • Regional and spatial issues in the financing of small and medium-sized enterprises and new ventures

      Cowling, Marc; Ughetto, Elisa; Lee, Neil; Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy; University of Brighton; London School of Economics (Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2019-04-12)
      This editorial introduces the papers addressing regional and spatial aspects relating to the demand for, and the supply of, finance for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and start-ups. Reflecting the breadth of financial instruments that are potentially available to SMEs and new ventures (e.g., business angel, bank credit and credit card financing), this special issue offers a combination of up-to-date studies that integrate the regional and spatial perspectives into the debate on SMEs and start-up financing. Overall, the papers contribute to an understanding of the mechanisms by which geography shapes access to finance for SMEs and new ventures, and the implications for local economic activity.
    • Regional Economic Communities as the Building Blocs of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement

      Ajibo, Collins .C; Nwankwo, Chidebe .M; Ekhator, Eghosa; University of Nigeria; University of Derby (MARVIS BV, 2021-06-16)
      The African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA) recognises the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) as the building blocs for continent-wide integration in line with the historical efforts reflected in the Lagos Action Plan of 1980 and the transitional plan of the African Union (AU) articulated in the 1991 Abuja Treaty establishing the African Economic Community (Abuja Treaty). The AfCFTA enjoins State Parties that are members of other RECs, which have attained among themselves higher levels of elimination of customs duties and trade barriers than those provided for under the Protocol, to continue maintaining this, and where possible improve upon, existing higher levels of trade liberalisation among themselves. While RECs are fundamental to the African integration experience and are considered the building blocs of AfCFTA, several challenges may emerge. This paper examines the prospects and challenges of RECs under the recently established AfCFTA regime.
    • The regulation of illegal fundraising in China

      Huang, Flora; Liu, Xinmin; Yeung, Horace; University of Essex (Taylor and Francis, 2018-10-03)
      The rise of financial technology means that it is easier than ever to raise funds from a large group of people, notably via peer-to-peer lending or crowdfunding platforms. This article seeks to discuss the law on illegal fundraising, which has existed for some time before the boom of the Internet, as a legal response to the increasing number of fundraising from the public. Regulation is necessary to ensure market order and investor protection. Virtually in all markets, there are restrictions on how entities can make a public offer of shares, bonds and/or other investment schemes. There are several laws, most notably criminal law, in China that are relevant to illegal fundraising. An individual/company can poten- tially breach one or more of these rules as long as they attempt to raise funds from a non-conventional (i.e. not stock markets or banks) route. The worst outcome of this used to be death penalty. There has been a degree of ambiguities in the application of these laws. The article will attempt to clarify these ambiguities. The regulation of illegal fundraising can have a far reaching conse- quence on the financial markets in China, considering that non- state entities, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, have limited access to conventional finance. The article will con- sider whether China is on the right track in terms of regulation to allow alternative fundraising channels to thrive. This article is the first ever to present a holistic account of the regulation of illegal fundraising in China.
    • Rehabilitation, punishment and profit: The dismantling of public-sector probation

      Teague, Michael; Teesside University (British Spciety of Criminology, 2013-06)
      Probation has been nurtured and developed for over a century as the key cornerstone of our community justice system in England and Wales. However, a fundamental transformation in the way in which offenders are managed in the community is underway. After 106 years of rehabilitative intervention, the Probation Service is about to be dismantled - at least, in its traditional public sector incarnation. On 9 May 2013, Justice Secretary Chris Grayling formally confirmed the Conservative-Liberal Democratic coalition government's plans to privatise the majority of probation work by 2015. While few would argue with the principle of supporting rehabilitation, there was controversy over both how this could be achieved and which agencies might deliver it. The privatisation of probation was viewed as a key component of the government’s “rehabilitation revolution”.
    • Reinforcing users’ confidence in statutory audit during a post-crisis period: An empirical study.

      Aziz, U.A.; Omoteso, Kamil; De Montfort University; Coventry University (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014-11-04)
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors that are perceived as important for the statutory audit function to restore confidence in the financial statements, its value relevance and decision usefulness in the aftermath of the financial crisis. Design/methodology/approach – This research used a structured questionnaire to collect data from practising accountants, auditors and accounting academics within the UK. A factor analysis was undertaken to examine the potential inter-correlations that could exist between different factors obtained from the literature. The analysis reduced these variables into the more important factors which were subsequently modelled in a logistic regression analysis. Findings – The paper identified, as critical factors for enhancing statutory audits, “a continuously updated accounting curriculum”, “expansion of the auditor's role”, “frequent meetings between regulators and auditors”, “mandatory rotation of auditors”, “limiting the provision of non-audit services”, “knowledge requirements from disciplines other than accounting” and “encouraging joint audits”. It is hoped that addressing these issues might improve confidence in the audit profession, thereby reinforcing its value relevance. Research limitations/implications – The study's findings imply that professional accountancy bodies, accounting educators and accounting firms will need to incorporate the key factors identified in this study into their curriculum and training schemes. However, the generalisability of these findings might be limited as the research data were primarily obtained from UK accountants alone. Originality/value – This study extends the frontiers of knowledge on critical factors that could reinforce users’ confidence in the statutory audit function and have implications for policy and practice.
    • The relationship between a person’s criminal history, immediate situational factors, and lethal versus non-lethal events.

      Ganpat, Soenita Minakoemarie; van der Leun, Joanne; Nieuwbeerta, Paul; Nottingham Trent University; Leiden University; Loughborough University, UK; Leiden University, The Netherlands; Leiden University, The Netherlands (Sage, 2015-07-20)
      When investigating serious violence, studies tend to look primarily at offenders and their background. This study investigates the influence of offenders’ and victims’ criminal history and immediate situational factors on the likelihood that violent events will end lethally. For this purpose, we compare lethal with non-lethal events, and combine Dutch criminal records with data from court files of those involved in lethal (i.e., homicide, n = 126) versus non-lethal events (i.e., attempted homicide, n = 141). Results reveal that both criminal history and immediate situational factors clearly matter for the outcome of violent events; however, immediate situational factors have the strongest effect on violent outcomes.
    • The relationship between empathy and prison bullying in a sample of Croatian prisoners

      Sekol, Ivana; University of Osijek (2018)
      This paper examined the relationship between empathy and bullying amongst Croatian prisoners. Four hundred and ninety-three prisoners from 11 Croatian prisons filled in a battery of questionnaires including the Basic Empathy Scale (Jolliffe and Farrington, 2005) and Direct and Indirect Prisoner Behaviour Checklist- Revised (Ireland, 2002). The results demonstrated that empathy was unrelated to bullying amongst prisoners. However, lower affective empathy was found amongst prisoners who: a) served their first prison sentence at a younger age ; b) spent time in psychiatric hospitals prior to their imprisonment ; c) had substance abuse problems before entering the prison ; and d) spent time in solitary confinement during their imprisonment. Prisoners who scored high on affective empathy have had more regular contact with their friends and family during their imprisonment, but were also more likely to attempt suicide prior to their incarceration. The results are discussed in light of previous research on the relationship between empathy and behavioural outcomes amongst prisoners. It is concluded that empathy might better distinguish between behavioural outcomes of various groups of prisoners prior to their incarceration, while prisoners’ behaviour within the prison setting might be more determined by contextual factors. More research is, however, needed to examine this hypothesis.