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The potential for craft brewing tourism development in the United States: a stakeholder view.The craft brewing industry is experiencing growth worldwide; however, research on this industry has been scant in various domains, including research exploring the relationships between craft breweries and tourism. This study contributes to extant academic literature, investigating the perceived potential and challenges of craft brewing tourism (CBT) among 221 micro/small United States craft brewing operators. The study adopts stakeholder theory (ST) as the theoretical framework. Overall, participants perceived the potential of CBT in their region/state. Pubs/bars selling locally crafted beer, packaged tours, beer–food pairings, tours, and trails were predominantly identified forms of CBT development, while limited logistics and lack of time were main perceived challenges. Various statistically significant differences were identified, particularly based on the level of production and age of the brewery. However, overall, most tests yielded similar levels of agreement. Alignments were revealed between the findings and ST’s theses, namely, descriptive, instrumental, normative, and managerial.
Strengths, innovation, and opportunities in a burgeoning industry: An exploratory study.Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine key areas related to the craft brewing industry from the perspective of operators of micro and small craft breweries, and propose a framework based on the resourced-based theory of the firm and the theory of innovation. The areas investigated include participants’ perceived strengths of their craft brewery, involvement in innovative practices, opportunities for the craft brewing firm, and potential differences related to these areas based on demographic characteristics of participants and their breweries. Design/methodology/approach Given its growing significance and economic contribution, the United States’ craft brewery industry was chosen for this study. An online questionnaire was designed to gather data from craft brewery operators across the nation. Findings Product and service quality, knowledge, reputation and expertise were revealed as key strengths, while creating new recipes and using social media tools were the most considered ways of innovating. Furthermore, opportunities were perceived through craft beer tourism, increased consumption, and quality improvements. Statistically significant differences emerged, particularly based on production levels, staff numbers, and involvement/no involvement in exports. Various associations between the findings and the adopted theoretical frameworks were revealed. Originality/value In terms of originality, the proposed refinement based on the adopted theoretical frameworks and findings facilitates understanding of the significance of resources and innovation, particularly for firms operating in a growing industry. Regarding value, the findings have important implications for the industry, for instance, in the marketing of craft brewing, as well as in the development of new craft brewing products.