• Analysing the discursive psychology used within digital media to influence public opinions concerning female child-killers

      Harris, Kessia; Adhikari, Joanna; Wallace, Louise; University of Derby (CDS Press, 2022-01-05)
      Discursive psychology is used to invoke emotion and social action within receivers, and widespread media is notorious for utilizing these linguistic features to negatively skew the public opinion of an individual or group. This study aims to investigate through discursive thematic analysis the ways in which digitised media articles utilise linguistic features and discursive devices to invoke emotion within readers, and in turn influence their opinions concerning female child-killers. The data gathered for this piece of research were 9 digital newspaper articles published between 2017 and 2021 by any of the top 10 most-read titles according to YouGov (2021) and were sourced using Google Chrome. The key terms used to locate these articles were the names “Rachel Henry”, “Tracey Connelly” and “Louise Porton” followed by the names of the top 10 most-read titles (e.g., “Rachel Henry Daily Mail”). The themes identified suggest a consistent aim within the media to negatively influence the public opinion of the offenders in question by using discursive devices and psychological categories to attack and invalidate these offenders and portray them as being evil, inhuman, delusional individuals who are inherently different from “normal” members of society. The findings produced within this research may have implications regarding the future of mainstream media reporting, as they suggest an excessive use of strategically influential linguistic features within digital newspapers to create extreme negative representations of women who offend, which may prove detrimental to their future access to, and experience of reformation and rehabilitation.
    • How to design hotel gamified applications effectively: Understanding the motives of users as hotel visitors

      Parapanos, Demos; Michopoulou, Eleni; University of Cumbria; University of Derby (Springer, 2022-01)
      The service sector including tourism and hospitality have recognized the need for a turn to a customer-centric approach that primarily values tourists’ needs, wants, preferences and requirements as major determinants in travel decisions. Considering that mobile devices are becoming travel buddies and that their use is profoundly influencing traveller’s journey highlights the need of Gamification. As a relatively new phenomenon in the industry, motives encouraging usage behaviour have yet to be researched. Identifying these motives could offer several advantages to hotels by providing relationship marketing, engagement and strengthening customer loyalty. This research tries to fill this gap and enhance existing gamification research by understanding the motives of users’ continuance intention in adopting technology with gamification characteristics. Visual material based on the current definitions of gamification was prepared to create a hotel gamified application to help participants discuss their preferences.
    • Explicating the microfoundation of SME pro-environmental operations: The role of top-managers

      Zhao, Li; He, Qile; Shanghai Lixin University of Accounting and Finance, China; University of Derby (Emerald Publishing Limited, 2022-03-01)
      By recognizing the decisive role of top-managers (TMs) of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this study attempts to explicate the microfoundation of pro-environmental operations of SMEs by examining the influence of institutional pressure on managerial cognition and subsequent SME pro-environmental operations. This study highlights the personal ethics of TMs, so as to examine the moderating effect of TMs’ place attachment on SMEs’ pro-environmental operations. Empirical data is collected from a questionnaire survey of 509 SMEs in China. Hierarchical regression results are subject to cross-validation using secondary public data. This study demonstrates that coercive and mimetic pressures have inverted U-shaped effects, whilst normative pressure has a U-shaped effect on the threat cognition of TMs. The results also show that TMs’ threat cognition (as opposed to opportunity cognition) positively influence SMEs’ pro-environmental operations. Moreover, both the emotional (place identity) and functional (place dependence) dimensions of place attachment have positive moderating effects on the relationship between threat cognition and SMEs’ pro-environmental operations. Practical implications – Findings of this study lead to important implications for practitioners such as regulators, policy makers and trade associations. Enabling better understanding of the nature of SMEs’ pro-environmental operations, they allow for more targeted development and the provision of optimal institutional tools to promote such operations. This study allows some important factors that differentiate SMEs from large firms to surface. These factors (i.e., institutional pressures, managerial cognition and place attachment) and the interactions between them form important constituents of the microfoundations of SMEs’ pro-environmental operations.
    • Governing Against the Tide: Populism, Power and the Party Conference

      Guiney, Tom; Farrall, Stephen; University of Nottingham; University of Derby (Sage, 2022-02-24)
      In this paper we argue that a tendency to treat populism as a ubiquitous, mechanistic characteristic of contemporary penality has impeded systematic theoretical discussion of how populist ideologies find contingent expression within national penal systems. Drawing upon an agonistic perspective we seek to show that the intersection between populism and punishment must be understood as a structured process that is shaped by struggle between actors with different types, and amounts, of political power. We illustrate these claims with reference to a historical case study of the 1981 British Conservative Party Conference; a political calendar ritual that facilitated symbolic conflict and provided an institutional point of entry for populist movements seeking to disrupt the prevailing liberal consensus on crime and secure substantive policy concessions from government.
    • Innovation, wine tourism, and sustainable winegrowing in cool climate regions: a longitudinal international comparative analysis

      Baird, Tim; Hall, Michael; Castka, Pavel; Ramkissoon, Haywantee; University of Derby (Edward Elgar, 2022-08)
      Wine tourism is “visitation to vineyards, wineries, wine festivals, and wine shows for which grape wine tasting and/or experiencing the attributes of a grape wine region are the prime motivating factors for visitors” (Hall, 1996, p.1), and this is integral to winegrowers’ business strategies. Although not all wine producers have specific cellar door facilities for tourists, nearly all are available to visit by appointment. Wine tourism directly contributes to winegrowing in a number of ways, including sales, consumer education and research, product testing and customer relations. These aspects of wine tourism have been recognised as a potentially significant source of innovation for winegrowers (Baird and Hall, 2016; Booyens, 2020), as well as being important for broader regional development (Grimstead, 2011; Hall and Williams, 2019). Even wineries with minimal daily involvement in tourism benefit from the place brand benefits that tourism marketing and promotion can bring. This is particularly true of highly competitive international markets, while winegrowing and the availability of wine to drink and winery visits is clearly integral to wine tourism (Hall, 2018).
    • A Systematic and Critical Review of Leadership Styles in Contemporary Hospitality: A Roadmap and a Call for Future Research

      ElKhwesky, Zakaria; Salem, Islam; Ramkissoon, Haywantee; astabÑeda, Alberto J.; University of Žilina, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia; Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt; University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Salalah, Oman; University of Granada, Granada, Spain (Emerald, 2022-03-02)
      The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of leadership styles in the hospitality industry. It also demonstrates theories used in hospitality leadership styles research, identifies the main outcomes and highlights gaps for future research. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the 79 articles on leadership styles in the hospitality context spanning over 13 years (2008–2020) and extends the scope in distinctive means. This review has demonstrated that leadership styles research in hospitality has made progress in the past 13 years; however, there are conceptual and empirical overlaps among different leadership styles in hospitality. There is a lack of research on antecedents and integrating theories in studies. This review has revealed that several leadership styles have not been rigorously examined in hospitality research with their outcomes. The search strategy used to find articles published in Web of Science about leadership styles in hospitality was restricted to title to boost the accuracy of the subsequent literature. By following the guidance presented in this review, the authors expect to advance and maintain hospitality leadership research to provide substantive insights into the context of hospitality leadership over the coming years. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is one of the first to undertake a comprehensive understanding of various leadership styles in the hospitality context. This study provides a comprehensive projected research agenda to demonstrate theoretical discourses and empirical research. Overall, this critical review presents a holistic idea of the focus of the prior studies and what should be highlighted in future studies.
    • The long arm of welfare retrenchment: how New Right socio-economic policies in the 1980s affected contact with the criminal justice system in adulthood.

      Gray, Emily; Farrall, Stephen; Jones, Phil Mike; University of Derby (Oxford University Press, 2022)
      The socio-economic policies of the British ‘New Right’ administrations have been associated with increases in crime using aggregate data. This paper assesses if the trend remains when we test individual-level relationships using two British cohort studies (the National Child Development Study 1958 and the British Cohort Study 1970). Our results point to a set of long-term ‘period effects’ in which those reliant on the welfare state at specific time-points in the 1980 and 1990s (regardless of their age) were more likely to be drawn into the criminal justice system in adulthood (circa 2000). This paper considers i) how British ‘New Right’ welfare policies may have had unintended, but lasting consequences for individuals in receipt of social security assistance and ii) the interplay between micro and macro criminological analysis.
    • Disciplinary Neo-liberalisation and the New Politics of Inequality

      Nunn, Alexander; Tepe, Daniela; University of Derby (Oxford University Press, 2022)
      Overlaps exist between critical Criminology and critical International Political Economy (IPE). However, while criminologists are keen to engage with political economy, there has been less interest in criminology from scholars in IPE. Recently, though, a literature started to emerge within IPE that focusses on discipline, including research which focusses on ‘authoritarian neoliberalism’ yet without explicitly engaging with the criminological literature. This paper engages with criminological research to demonstrate areas of shared interest, particularly in understanding the role of discipline and consent in the structuring of the ‘social ensemble’ thereby offering something of a corrective to the literature on ‘authoritarian neoliberalism’. We argue that combining insights from Gramscian and (critical) Feminist social theory can help to explain the social reproduction of ‘hegemony’ in which discipline – including self-discipline – plays an important role. Long-term trends in the fracturing of the hegemonic post-war social ensemble were displaced by temporary ‘fixes’ related to consumerism, credit and discipline (including in state institutions, changing economic and ideological structures). However, in the wake of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 – the limits of these fixes are revealed and social polarisation is the result. In this context, disciplinary processes in and beyond state institutions are becoming more visible.
    • Sustainability-driven co-opetition in supply chains as strategic capabilities: Drivers, facilitators, and barriers

      Mirzabeiki, Vahid; He, Qile; Sarpong, David; University of Surrey; University of Derby; Brunel University London (Taylor & Francis, 2022-02-27)
      Co-opetition is gaining increasing attention as a potentially useful form of inter-organizational collaboration model to improve firms’ sustainable performance. However, limited previous studies have provided a clear substantive theory or offered empirical evidence for the process of sustainability-driven co-opetition. This paper explores how competing companies can collaborate in their supply chains (SCs) to achieve a higher level of sustainability performance by identifying drivers, facilitators and barriers of co-opetition. Based on two explorative case studies of co-opetition in the UK, the findings of this paper lead to a number of propositions and a theoretical framework for sustainability-driven co-opetition in SCs. This study contributes to the literature by providing a more in-depth understanding of co-opetition as a strategic capability for firms. This paper also proves the feasibility of a combined use of Resource-Based View and Network Theory perspectives in explaining a paradoxical inter-organizational relationship like co-opetition. A road map for sustainability-driven co-opetition in SCs is also provided as a heuristic decision model for practitioners.
    • COVID-19 pandemic, stock returns, and volatility: the role of the vaccination program in Canada

      Apergis, Nicholas; mustafa, Ghulam; Malik, Shafaq; University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece; University of Derby; Queen Mary University of London, London (Taylor & Francis, 2022-02-09)
      This paper examines how stock returns and volatility in the Canadian stock market have been affected by both the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated vaccination program. The empirical analysis is based on the generalized autoregressive conditionally heteroskedastic model which explicitly allows the inclusion of information on the COVID-19 pandemic and the vaccination program. The analysis uses daily Canadian equity returns and volatility, spanning the period 27 January 2020, to 31 August 2021. The findings provide evidence that the COVID-19 pandemic exerts a significant negative impact on the mean of Canadian stock returns and a positive impact on their volatility. In contrast, the findings provide novel evidence that the vaccination program in Canada has reversed these detrimental effects.
    • Lauterborn's 4Cs

      Akbar, M. Bilal; Lawson, Alison; Turner, Nick; University of Derby; Nottingham Trent University (Palgrave/ Springer, 2022-02-03)
      Lauterborn (1990) wrote in Advertising Age that it was ‘time to retire McCarthy’s 4Ps’ (p.26). With extensive experience in marketing communications and corporate advertising as well as experience as a senior academic, Lauterborn felt that the 4Ps marketing mix had had their day. McCarthy’s marketing planning model (1960) focused on the organisation’s point of view: · The product that was on offer, its features and benefits, what the organization could produce · The price the organization wanted to charge for the product · The place the organization would make the product available so that customers would see it · The way the organization planned to promote the product and the mix of communications methods they would use. Lauterborn’s 4Cs, in contrast, focused on the consumer’s point of view, turning round the 4Ps and repurposing them for a new age. Times had changed since the birth of the 4Ps – consumers had more choice than ever, had more ways of buying, more places to buy from, more ways of communicating. He felt this new focus would lead to more successful marketing planning, as the consumer was at the heart of the model.
    • Cheating behaviour among OPEC member-states and oil price fairness and stability: an empirical analysis

      Ibrahim, Masud; Omoteso, Kamil; Coventry University; University of Derby (Inderscience, 2022-02-03)
      Within the context of a target oil price band regime, this paper posits that cheating behaviour in OPEC has ethical and accountability implications for the organisation. It also impacts on its reputation and ability to ensure stable and fair oil prices in the oil markets. Based on datasets covering the period from 2000 to 2012 (i.e. production quota era), analysed using the vector autoregression/vector error correction (VAR-VEC) framework, the study’s results indicate that OPEC cheating, mainly instigated by the amount of spare production capacity available to OPEC members, does not seem to have a significant direct effect on international oil prices. However, the degree of cheating by OPEC member-states might disrupt its ability to maintain surplus capacity enough to reduce price speculation in the oil markets. Should cheating behaviour in OPEC continue unabated, this could jeopardise an effective energy regulatory framework and market transparency. The paper, therefore, recommends a policy action in OPEC to support the redesigning of the existing quota system that is fair and just to its members and capable of controlling any cheating behaviour.
    • The impact of COVID-19 on the socio-economic rights of older persons in Africa: The urgency of operationalising the Protocol on the Rights of Older Persons

      Oamen, Philip; Ekhator, Eghosa; University of Northampton; University of Derby (Pretoria University Law Press (PULP), 2021-12)
      Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic across the world, it has been reported that older persons have suffered acute hardship and fatalities more than any other age group. According to the World Health Organisation the fatality rate among older persons is five times the global average, and the United Nations has predicted that the mortality rate could climb even higher. The situation is aggravated on the African continent as a result of a shortage of medical personnel and other resources, as well as inadequate palliative measures to address the issues around the pandemic. Despite the provisions in the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Older Persons in Africa which seek to provide some safety nets, many of these senior citizens continue to suffer untold socio-economic hardship. Adopting an analytical and doctrinal methodology, this article examines the Protocol, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and several United Nations policy documents aimed at realising the socio-economic rights of older persons. The article finds that there is a lack of political commitment to operationalise the provisions of the Protocol, as evinced by the limited number of countries that have ratified it since its adoption in 2016. It comparatively engages with the provisions of the Inter-American Convention on the Rights of Older Persons to argue that, beyond the normative framing of these rights in Africa, there is a need for deliberate and genuine commitment by governments in Africa, if the rights are to be realised. The article advocates international, regional and national cooperation and calls for a more liberal judicial approach, to ensure that the Protocol’s ‘paperisation’ of the rights of older persons does not lead or continue to lead to their pauperisation.
    • Pre-colonial Trade in Africa and International Law: Setting a Research Agenda

      Nwankwo, Matthew C.; Ekhator, Eghosa; University of Nigeria; University of Derby (AfronomicsLAW, 2021-12-01)
    • Transnational Litigation and Climate Change in Nigeria

      Obani, Pedi; Ekhator, Eghosa; University of Bradford; University of Derby (AfronomicsLAW, 2021-12-04)
    • The intellectual and institutional challenges for International Political Economy in the UK: Findings from Practitioner Survey Data

      Nunn, Alex; Sheilds, Stuart; University of Derby; University of Manchester (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2022-01-14)
      This article asks whether there is a discrepancy between the field of International Political Economy (IPE) as we know it from recent debates about its role, distinctiveness, and contribution compared to the experience of its practitioners on the ground? Intellectually IPE is needed more than ever to engage real world events but faces constraining institutional imperatives. We have two interrelated objectives related to this: (1) to assess the extent to which the patterns in recent interventions are replicated when you ask those who self-identify as IPE scholars in the UK (2) to appraise survey data on the reproduction of a particular community of practice within the field as it evolves intellectually and institutionally. Rather than imposing our interpretation of IPE through publications, citation practices, conference attendance, or textbook content we offer two distinct contributions. First, to report new empirical data on IPE as a ‘field of inquiry’ in UK universities; and, second, to develop a critical intervention on the indisciplined nature of IPE as a field of inquiry in the UK. We conclude that the widely acknowledged and long-standing fertile intellectual advantages of IPE's ‘open range’, unlimited intellectual borders and transgressive enquiry bring institutional disadvantages with them.
    • Describing Disclosure of Cybervictimization in Adolescents from the United Kingdom: The Role of Age, Gender, Involvement in Cyberbullying, and Time Spent Online

      Betts, Lucy, R.; Spencer, Karin, A.; Baguley, Thom; Nottingham Trent University; University of Derby (Informa UK Limited, 2021-11-30)
      Disclosing experiences of cybervictimization is an important first step in many anti-bullying interventions. Gender, age, cybervictimization experiences, cyberbullying behaviors, and time spent online were examined as factors that describe: (a) disclosing cybervictimization and (b) perceptions of helpfulness following disclosure. The sample comprised 750 (384 boys and 365 girls, Mage = 12.57 years, SDage = 1.25 years) 11- to 15-year-olds recruited from two schools. Participants completed self-report measures of cybervictimization experiences, cyberbullying behaviors, intent to disclose cybervictimization, who they thought would be helpful following disclosing cybervictimization, and technology use. Over 88% of the sample reported that they would disclose cybervictimization. Girls and those experiencing low levels of cybervictimization reported they would disclose cybervictimization. Those who were older, and girls reported that they thought friends would be helpful following a disclosure of cybervictimization, whereas those who were younger reported that parents and the police would be helpful. A Gaussian graphical model was used to further explore perceptions of helpfulness following disclosure of cybervictimization and highlighted a complex pattern between targets. The findings add to the growing evidence of the complexity around adolescents' propensity to disclose experiences of cybervictimization which has implications for anti-bullying interventions.
    • Exploring Entrepreneurial Diversity: A Fascination or Frustration?

      Aluthgama-Baduge, Chinthaka Jayananda; Rajasinghe, Duminda; University of Derby; Nottingham Trent University (Springer, 2022-01-01)
      This chapter critically discusses the importance of acknowledging diversity within entrepreneurship and some strategies to facilitate the richness of the phenomenon. It helps researchers and practitioners to understand the importance and benefits of having different but equally valid world views about the phenomenon, which is vital for entrepreneurship research to progress further. We acknowledge that there are already some established arguments to support inclusiveness within the current context of entrepreneurship research. Aim here is to strengthen these arguments with a brief literature rationale, which is informed by our research experience. One of the key advantages of acknowledging heterogeneity is that it can help scholars to convert any frustrations that is caused by not having common understanding to a fascination to embrace the wholeness of the phenomenon. Our understanding of how to appreciate diversity and inclusion is limited, as a solution, we encourage critical debates among multiple actors of entrepreneurship and urge to widen research adopting more innovative and creative approaches.
    • Yoga travellers’ experiences in guided tours: A multiple case study approach

      Öğretmenoğlu, Mert; Ozan, Atsiz; Ramkissoon, Haywantee; Yozgat Bozok University Tourism Faculty, Yozgat, Turkey; University of Derby; Yozgat Bozok University Tourism Faculty, Yozgat, Turkey (Taylor & Francis, 2022-02-02)
      This study investigates yoga travellers’ experiences in guided tours organised by the renowned online travel platform, Tripaneer. Travellers’ online narratives (N=880) regarding three main yoga destinations were collected and examined through content analysis. Six main components were revealed: yoga facilities and services, a sense of awe, the overall benefits of yoga, a memorable experience, social interaction and learning about the local culture.
    • Face consciousness, personal norms, and environmentally responsible behavior of Chinese tourists: Evidence from a lake tourism site

      Wu, Jianxing; Wu, Homer; Hsieh, Allen; Ramkissoon, Haywantee; China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, 310018, China; Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, China; Christ's College Taipei, New Taipei City, 251022, Taiwan; National Taichung University of Education, Taichung City, 40306, Taiwan; National Chung Hsing University, Taichung City, 40227, Taiwan; University of Derby; et al. (Elsevier, 2022-02-03)
      This study explores the role of face consciousness in tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior (ERB). It expands the norm activation theory, integrates the concept of face consciousness and examines how personal norms (PN) on environmentally responsible behavior is moderated by face consciousness. Data was collected from 415 mainland Chinese tourists in West Lake, China. Structural equation modeling was employed to test the proposed theoretical framework. The results show that ascribed responsibility positively influences personal norms, while awareness of consequences plays a decisive role in activating personal norms. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the fear of losing face moderates the relationship between personal norms and environmentally responsible behavior. The study also investigates the moderating role of age difference between personal norms and environmentally responsible behavior. The effect of personal norms on environmentally responsible behavior is stronger in younger tourists. Our findings make important theoretical contributions to the literature of ERB in tourism and offer practical implications for tourism managers to encourage responsible behavior among tourists.