• Sharing is Caring: A Realist Evaluation of a Social Support Group for Individuals Who Have Been Bereaved by Suicide

      Adshead, Claire; Runacres, Jessica; University of Derby; Staffordshire University (SAGE Publications, 2022-01-31)
      To understand the experiences and perceived impact on the wellbeing of individuals attending a suicide bereavement social support group. A qualitative study guided by a realist evaluation framework. Data were collected from May–July 2020 using online semistructured individual interviews with participants (N = 6), from the North West of England recruited from a suicide bereavement support group's social media. Data were analysed using thematic analysis informed by the realist framework. Effective social support includes the prioritisation of building meaningful connections with like-minded individuals, providing a safe space for authentic self-expression aiding personal relationship maintenance. Contextual factors included: Societal and cultural stigma of suicide, self-stigma and gender norms. Mechanisms influencing support seeking include: Not wanting to burden loved ones due to judgement, and a lack of understanding. Policymakers can reduce demand on healthcare systems by developing tailored support groups to suit individual needs.
    • Making a story out of a crisis – a response to Covid-19

      Holmwood, Clive; University of Derby (Routledge, 2022-02-14)
      As an academic and practitioner part of my role is to write academic articles and books, besides carrying out research. My personal escape from this academic rigour has often been zombie apocalypse and disaster novels and movies. Action adventures where individuals or small groups of survivors move cautiously through urban landscapes decimated by disaster; empty streets and empty shops, that show the last remnants of a society that once existed. Recently I have begun to live, and still live, the reality of these fantasy dramas, in a way neither I, nor anyone else, could have expected.
    • A Review of Drama Education (UK) and Integral Drama Based Pedagogy (China), Western and Eastern Perspectives and Influences

      Holmwood, Clive; University of Derby (Brill, 2022-01-31)
      This article will consider similarities to and connections with western progressive based drama education and recent developments in China, namely Integral Drama Based Pedagogy (IDBP). It will also consider links between dramatherapy and IDBP which considers drama from a more emotional and integral education perspective. It will begin by giving a brief history of drama and progressive education in the UK followed by the development of integral education in general and then make connections between the training of dramatherapists in the west to that of student of IDBP.
    • I’m going on a Bear Hunt’, Neuro-dramatic Play, Multi-Sensory Informed, Storytelling Approaches to Working with Children Under Five.

      Holmwood, Clive; University of Derby (Routledge, 2022-02-14)
      The purpose of this chapter is to explore with Annie aspects of Neuro Dramatic Play (NDP) ( Jennings 2011 ), in relation to story and Jennings’s notion of Embodiment Project Role (EPR), from a multi- sensory informed approach, using the great children’s classic We’re Going on a Bear Hunt ( Rosen & Oxenbury 1993 ). I will consider a range of multi- sensory ways of working using messy play, drama and rhythmic storytelling ( Jennings 2011 :41) in relation to Rosen’s story and the potential impact that this has upon the overall personal, cognitive and social development of Annie as a 20- month- old.
    • Routledge International Handbook of Therapeutic Stories and Storytelling

      Holmwood, Clive; Jennings, Sue; Jackties Sharon; University of Derby; University of the Witwatersrand (Routledge, 2022-02-14)
      The Routledge International Handbook of Therapeutic Stories and Storytelling is a unique book that explores stories from an educational, community, social, health, therapeutic and therapy perspectives, acknowledging a range of diverse social and cultural views in which stories are used and written by esteemed storytellers, artists, therapists and academics from around the globe. The book is divided into five main sections that examine different approaches and contexts for therapeutic stories and storytelling. The collected authors explore storytelling as a response to the Covid-19 pandemic, in education, social and community settings, and in health and therapeutic contexts. The final section offers an International Story Anthology written by co-editor Sharon Jacksties and a final story by Katja Gorečan. This book is of enormous importance to psychotherapists and related mental health professionals, as well as academics, storytellers, teachers, people working in special educational needs, and all those with an interest in storytelling and its applied value.
    • A qualitative study of the understanding of compassion through completing a brief online CMT intervention among non-clinical population in Czechia and Poland

      Michalczyk, Magdalena; Taubenhanslova, Ester; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2021-11-03)
      Assess participants understanding of the concept of compassion in Czechia and Poland after completion of a brief online Compassionate Mind Training (CMT) intervention.
    • The role of social connection on the experience of COVID-19 related post-traumatic growth and stress

      matos, marcela; McEwan, Kirsten; Kanovský, Martin; Halamová, Júlia; Steindl, Stanley R.; Ferreira, Nuno; Linharelhos, Mariana; Rijo, Daniel; Asano, Kenichi; Vilas, Sara P.; et al. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2021-12-15)
      Historically social connection has been an important way through which humans have coped with large-scale threatening events. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, lockdowns have deprived people of major sources of social support and coping, with others representing threats. Hence, a major stressor during the pandemic has been a sense of social disconnection and loneliness. This study explores how people’s experience of compassion and feeling socially safe and connected, in contrast to feeling socially disconnected, lonely and fearful of compassion, effects the impact of perceived threat of COVID-19 on post-traumatic growth and post-traumatic stress. Adult participants from the general population (N = 4057) across 21 countries worldwide, completed self-report measures of social connection (compassion for self, from others, for others; social safeness), social disconnection (fears of compassion for self, from others, for others; loneliness), perceived threat of COVID-19, post-traumatic growth and traumatic stress. Perceived threat of COVID-19 predicted increased post-traumatic growth and traumatic stress. Social connection (compassion and social safeness) predicted higher post-traumatic growth and traumatic stress, whereas social disconnection (fears of compassion and loneliness) predicted increased traumatic symptoms only. Social connection heightened the impact of perceived threat of COVID-19 on post-traumatic growth, while social disconnection weakened this impact. Social disconnection magnified the impact of the perceived threat of COVID-19 on traumatic stress. These effects were consistent across all countries. Social connection is key to how people adapt and cope with the worldwide COVID-19 crisis and may facilitate post-traumatic growth in the context of the threat experienced during the pandemic. In contrast, social disconnection increases vulnerability to develop post-traumatic stress in this threatening context. Public health and Government organizations could implement interventions to foster compassion and feelings of social safeness and reduce experiences of social disconnection, thus promoting growth, resilience and mental wellbeing during and following the pandemic.
    • Compassion Protects Mental Health and Social Safeness During the COVID‑19 Pandemic Across 21 Countries

      Matos, Marcela; McEwan, Kirsten; Kanovsky, Martin; University of Coimbra; University of Derby (Springer, 2022-01-04)
      The COVID-19 pandemic is having an unprecedented detrimental impact on mental health in people around the world. It is important therefore to explore factors that may buffer or accentuate the risk of mental health problems in this context. Given that compassion has numerous benefits for mental health, emotion regulation, and social relationships, this study examines the buffering effects of different flows of compassion (for self, for others, from others) against the impact of perceived threat of COVID-19 on depression, anxiety, and stress, and social safeness. The study was conducted in a sample of 4057 adult participants from the general community population, collected across 21 countries from Europe, Middle East, North America, South America, Asia, and Oceania. Participants completed self-report measures of perceived threat of COVID-19, compassion (for self, for others, from others), depression, anxiety, stress, and social safeness. Perceived threat of COVID-19 was associated with higher scores in depression, anxiety, and stress, and lower scores in social safeness. Self-compassion and compassion from others were associated with lower psychological distress and higher social safeness. Compassion for others was associated with lower depressive symptoms. Self-compassion moderated the relationship between perceived threat of COVID-19 on depression, anxiety, and stress, whereas compassion from others moderated the effects of fears of contracting COVID-19 on social safeness. These effects were consistent across all countries. Our findings highlight the universal protective role of compassion, in particular self-compassion and compassion from others, in promoting resilience by buffering against the harmful effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and social safeness.
    • Intention to consume halal pharmaceutical products: evidence from Indonesia

      Kasri, Rahmatina Awaliah; Ahsan, Abdillah; Widiatmoko, Dono; Hati, Sri Rahayu Hijrah; Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia; University of Derby (Emerald, 2021-12-28)
      Despite the importance of pharmaceutical products in everyday life, particularly after the coronavirus outbreak in early 2020, only a few studies have attempted to analyse consumer behaviour with regard to halal pharmaceutical products. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the factors influencing purchase intention for halal pharmaceutical products among Indonesian Muslims. This study uses a theory of planned behaviour approach, in which religiosity and knowledge of halal product variables are added to attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control variables. Primary data were collected from 225 Indonesian Muslims in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia and analysed using structural equation modelling. The study found that the intention to purchase halal pharmaceutical products is positively affected by attitude, religiosity, knowledge of halal products and perceived behavioural control. However, the influence of the subjective norm variable was found to be insignificant in this study. It is possible to improve the empirical model by including more explanatory variables and investigating the mediating effect of the variables. The study could also be scaled up to reach more respondents in different regions and countries. These additional aspects would provide better insights into the behaviour of consumers when considering halal pharmaceutical products. The findings suggest the importance of designing and implementing appropriate strategies and campaigns to enhance knowledge of halal products, of positive attitudes and of better resources/opportunities to consume halal pharmaceutical products. The industry needs to highlight its products’ halal and tayyib aspects through proper branding and promotion strategies. The government and other stakeholders could also implement education campaigns to increase halal products and halal literacy knowledge. These are ultimately expected to enhance the effectiveness of halal regulations and meet Muslim consumer expectations in the country. Despite the importance of halal pharmaceutical products, this area has received limited attention in the academic literature. Thus, this study attempts to elaborate on consumer behaviour in this niche area.
    • Telephone Consultation as a Substitute for Routine Out-patient Face-to-face Consultation for Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Randomised Controlled Trial and Economic Evaluation

      Akobeng, Anthony K.; O'Leary, Neil; Vail, Andy; Brown, Nailah; Fagbemi, Andrew; Thomas, Adrian G.; Widiatmoko, Dono; University of Manchester; Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Central Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Sidra Medical and Research Centre, Doha, Qatar; et al. (Elsevier, 2015-08-08)
      Evidence for the use of telephone consultation in childhood inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is lacking. We aimed to assess the effectiveness and cost consequences of telephone consultation compared with the usual out-patient face-to-face consultation for young people with IBD. We conducted a randomised-controlled trial in Manchester, UK, between July 12, 2010 and June 30, 2013. Young people (aged 8–16 years) with IBD were randomized to receive telephone consultation or face-to-face consultation for 24 months. The primary outcome measure was the paediatric IBD-specific IMPACT quality of life (QOL) score at 12 months. Secondary outcome measures included patient satisfaction with consultations, disease course, anthropometric measures, proportion of consultations attended, duration of consultations, and costs to the UK National Health Service (NHS). Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02319798. Eighty six patients were randomised to receive either telephone consultation (n = 44) or face-to-face consultation (n = 42). Baseline characteristics of the two groups were well balanced. At 12 months, there was no evidence of difference in QOL scores (estimated treatment effect in favour of the telephone consultation group was 5.7 points, 95% CI − 2.9 to 14.3; p = 0.19). Mean consultation times were 9.8 min (IQR 8 to 12.3) for telephone consultation, and 14.3 min (11.6 to 17.0) for face-to-face consultation with an estimated reduction (95% CI) of 4.3 (2.8 to 5.7) min in consultation times (p < 0.001). Telephone consultation had a mean cost of UK£35.41 per patient consultation compared with £51.12 for face-face consultation, difference £15.71 (95% CI 11.8–19.6; P < 0.001). We found no suggestion of inferiority of telephone consultation compared with face-to-face consultation with regard to improvements in QOL scores, and telephone consultation reduced consultation time and NHS costs. Telephone consultation is a cost-effective alternative to face-to-face consultation for the routine outpatient follow-up of children and adolescents with IBD.
    • Impact of occupational therapy in an integrated adult social care service: Audit of Therapy Outcome Measure Findings

      Davenport, Sharon J.; University of Derby (Emerald, 2021-09-21)
      Health and social care services should demonstrate the quality of their interventions for commissioners, patients and carers, plus it is a requirement for occupational therapists to measure and record outcomes. Use of the “Therapy Outcome Measure” (TOMs) standardised tool was implemented by an occupational therapy adult social care service to demonstrate outcomes from April 2020, following integration to a community NHS Trust. The aim was to demonstrate occupational therapy outcomes in adult social care through a local audit of the TOMs. The objective was to determine if clients improved following occupational therapy intervention in the four domains of impairment, activity, participation and wellbeing/carer wellbeing. 70 cases were purposively sampled over a 2-month timeframe, extracting data from the local electronic recording system. Occupational therapy in adult social care clearly makes an impact with their client group and carers. Evidence from the dataset demonstrates clinically significant change, as 93% of clients seen by adult social care occupational therapy staff showed an improvement in at least one TOMs domain during their whole episode of care. 79% of activity scores, 20% of participation scores and 50% of wellbeing scores improved following intervention. 79% of carer wellbeing scores improved following occupational therapy. Research limitations/implications The audit did not collect data on uptake from the separate teams (equipment, housing, STAR and adult social care work) in occupational therapy adult social care. Potential sampling bias occurred as cases with completed scores only were purposively sampled. Sampling was not random which prevented data gathering on uptake of TOMs across the separate teams. Additionally, the audit results can only be applied to the setting from which the data was collected, so has limited external validity. These novel findings illustrate the valuable and unique impact of occupational therapy in this adult social care setting. The integration of adult social care into an NHS Community Trust has supported the service to measure outcomes, by utilising the same standardised tool in use by allied health professions across the Trust.
    • Investigating the benefits of Family learning (FL) with parents

      Lumenze, Chinenye; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2021-11-03)
      This study investigates the benefits of Family Learning (FL) with parents. It seeks to establish how FL can be used as a tool to address poverty, promote health and provide quality education for all.
    • Noninvasive continuous intradialytic blood pressure monitoring: the key to improving haemodynamic stability

      Stewart, Paul; Stewart, Jill; University of Derby (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2021-08-27)
      Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) occurs in 20% of haemodialysis treatments, leading to end-organ ischaemia, increased morbidity and mortality; and contributing to poor quality of life for patients. Treatment of IDH is reactive since brachial blood pressure (BP) is recorded only intermittently during haemodialysis, making early detection and prediction of hypotension impossible. Noninvasive continuous BP monitoring would allow earlier detection of IDH and thus support the development of methods for its prediction and consequently prevention. Noninvasive continuous BP monitoring is not yet part of routine practice in renal dialysis units, with a small number of devices (e.g. finger cuffs) having occasionally been used in research settings. In use, patients frequently report pain or discomfort at measurement sites. Additionally, these devices can be unreliable in patients with reduced blood flow to the digits, often manifest in dialysis patients. All existing methods are sensitive to patient movement. A new method for continuously estimating BP has been developed by monitoring arterial pressure near the arteriovenous fistula which can be achieved without any extraneous monitoring equipment attached to the patient. Additionally, artificial intelligence-based methods for real-time prediction of IDH are currently emerging.Key monitoring technologies and computational methods are emerging to support the development of real-time IDH prediction.
    • Perineal Trauma & Suturing

      Chapman, Vicky; Independent Researcher (Wiley Blackwell, 2018-01-18)
    • 'Mixed white and Black Caribbean' millennials in Britain: An exploration of identity

      Clarke, Yasmine; University of Derby (Wiley, 2021-07-26)
      This study presents a qualitative exploration of individuals identifying as ‘mixed white and Black Caribbean’ (MWBC) in Britain. The focus of this research aimed to answer the question, 'how do mixed white and Black Caribbean millennials in Britain experience their identity?' Six participants, aged 22–31 years, were interviewed about their family, relationships and personal values. The results were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis and highlighted three main themes: ‘Public Perception’, ‘Caribbean Heritage’ and ‘Conversations’. Each theme was analysed from an integrative psychotherapeutic viewpoint, before concluding with suggestions for counsellors and psychotherapists working with this client group in clinical practice.
    • An Analysis of Frequency of Continuous Blood Pressure Variation and Haemodynamic Responses during Haemodialysis.

      Latha Gullapudi, Venkata R; White, Kelly; Stewart, Jill; Stewart, Paul; Eldehni, Mohammed T; Taal, Maarten W; Selby, Nicholas M; University of Derby; University of Nottingham (Karger, 2021-07-22)
      Higher beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) variation during haemodialysis (HD) has been shown to be associated with elevated cardiac damage markers and white matter ischaemic changes in the brain suggesting relevance to end-organ perfusion. We aimed to characterize individual patterns of BP variation and associated haemodynamic responses to HD. Fifty participants underwent continuous non-invasive haemodynamic monitoring during HD and BP variation were assessed using extrema point (EP) frequency analysis. Participants were divided into those with a greater proportion of low frequency (LF, n = 21) and high frequency (HF, n = 22) of BP variation. Clinical and haemodynamic data were compared between groups. Median EP frequencies for mean arterial pressure (MAP) of mid-week HD sessions were 0.54 Hz (interquartile range 0.18) and correlated with dialysis vintage (r = 0.32, p = 0.039), NT pro-BNP levels (r = 0.32, p = 0.038), and average real variability (ARV) of systolic BP (r = 0.33, p = 0.029), ARV of diastolic BP (r = 0.46, p = 0.002), and ARV of MAP (r = 0.57, p < 0.001). In the LF group, MAP positively correlated with cardiac power index (CPI) in each hour of dialysis, but not with total peripheral resistance index (TPRI). In contrast, in the HF group, MAP correlated with TPRI in each hour of dialysis but only with CPI in the first hour. EP frequency analysis of continuous BP monitoring during dialysis allows assessment of BP variation and categorization of individuals into low- or high-frequency groups, which were characterized by different haemodynamic responses to dialysis. This may assist in improved individualization of dialysis therapy.
    • Delivering informed measures of patient centred care in medical imaging: What is the international perspective?

      Hyde, Emma; Hardy, Maryann; University of Derby (Elsevier BV, 2021-06-25)
      Focus on patient experience and patient centred approaches within healthcare has substantially increased since the Picker Institute (a not for profit organisation) was established in the 1980’s (Picker Institute, 2021). Picker’s founding principles have been adapted from their original form, to keep pace with changes in health and social care, but remain the cornerstone of research and guidance on person-centred approaches. Organisations such as the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, and the Canadian Patient Safety Institute, have developed their own guiding principles for patient centred care, reflecting the nature of the health care systems in their respective countries. In the UK professional, statutory and regulatory bodies governing health care professionals, such as the Health & Care Professions Council (HCPC) and College of Radiographers, have also incorporated patient centred approaches and care into their Standards of Proficiency for registrants (HCPC, 2013; CoR, 2018). As guidance and regulation linked to patient care and patient experience has become more widespread, interest in research into patient centred care and approaches has developed. Publications sharing the findings of research projects carried out to investigate patient experience during medical imaging examinations and radiation therapy have also increased. In our research we have sought to define informed measures of patient centred care for medical imaging technologists, and to date have reported the findings from our UK based participant’s (Hyde & Hardy, 2020; Hyde & Hardy, 2021a; Hyde & Hardy, 2021b; Hyde & Hardy 2021c). In this commentary we would like to open up debate about the similarities and differences between UK and international views about patient centred care in medical imaging, and invite expressions of interest from potential collaborators.
    • Older people, dementia and neuro-dramatic-play: A personal and theoretical drama therapy perspective

      Holmwood, Clive; University of Derby (Intellect, 2021-05-10)
      This conceptual article will consider Sue Jennings’ neuro-dramatic-play (NDP) as an overall theoretical framework for working with older people with dementia. NDP was developed over a number of years by pioneering UK drama therapist Sue Jennings. It is a culmination of attachment-based play, drama, movement and storytelling, and arts-based approaches that are used within drama therapy and other play and creative-based work with children. The author will consider from a personal and reflective perspective how NDP approaches can be adapted by drama therapists to work with older people with memory loss based on almost 30-years history of being involved in the field of drama therapy as a student and practioner, and his work with older people, at both the beginning of his career and his current reflections many years later.
    • Fears of compassion magnify the harmful effects of threat of COVID-19 on mental health and social safeness across 21 countries

      Matos, Marcela; McEwan, Kirsten; Basran, Jaskaran; Gilbert, Paul; University of Derby (Wiley, 2021-04-20)
      The COVID-19 pandemic is a massive global health crisis with damaging consequences to mental health and social relationships. Exploring factors that may heighten or buffer the risk of mental health problems in this context is thus critical. Whilst compassion may be a protective factor, in contrast fears of compassion increase vulnerability to psychosocial distress and may amplify the impact of the pandemic on mental health. This study explores the magnifying effects of fears of compassion on the impact of perceived threat of COVID-19 on depression, anxiety and stress, and social safeness. Adult participants from the general population (N = 4057) were recruited across 21 countries worldwide, and completed self-report measures of perceived threat of COVID-19, fears of compassion (for self, from others, for others), depression, anxiety, stress and social safeness. Perceived threat of COVID-19 predicted increased depression, anxiety and stress. The three flows of fears of compassion predicted higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress and lower social safeness. All fears of compassion moderated (heightened) the impact of perceived threat of COVID-19 on psychological distress. Only fears of compassion from others moderated the effects of likelihood of contracting COVID-19 on social safeness. These effects were consistent across all countries. Fears of compassion have a universal magnifying effect on the damaging impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and social safeness. Compassion focused interventions and communications could be implemented to reduce resistances to compassion and promote mental wellbeing during and following the pandemic.
    • Patient centred care in diagnostic radiography (Part 3): Perceptions of student radiographers and radiography academics

      Hyde, Emma; Hardy, M; University of Derby; University of Bradford (Elsevier, 2021-01-27)
      Awareness is growing of the importance of patient centered care (PCC) in diagnostic radiography. PCC is embedded within professional body publications and guidance documents, but there is limited research evidence exploring the perceptions of student radiographers and radiography academics. This paper shares the findings of a research project seeking to define PCC in diagnostic radiography from the perspective of student radiographers and radiography academics. This paper reports Stage 1 and Stage 2 of the project from the perspective of radiography academic and student radiographer participants, and compare these to the perspective of service users, clinical radiographers and radiography managers, reported previously. Stage 1 used an online survey tool to gauge participant agreement with a series of attitudinal statements. Stage 2 used situational vignettes to promote discussion and debate about PCC approaches. Ethical approval was granted by the University of Derby College of Health & Social Care Ethics committee. Response rates to the Stage 1 survey were above the minimum threshold, with 50 responses from student radiographers and 38 responses from radiography academics. Stage 1 participants were asked to participate in Stage 2 on a voluntary basis. As with service users and service deliverers, care communication, event interactions and control over environment were the key influences on PCC. However, students highlighted differences between reported and observed levels of PCC. There is some way to go to embed PCC in diagnostic radiography practice. As impartial observers of radiography practice, student radiographers highlight the difference between service users and service deliverer’s perceptions of PCC. Whilst the focus of clinical radiographers remains on efficiency it is difficult for student radiographers to challenge the accepted norm. Role models are required to promote PCC behaviours and a holistic approach in radiography practice. A package of educational support and audit tools will be made available to support both service deliverers and student radiographers to deliver PCC.