Recent Submissions

  • Narratives of Institutional Racism and Social Critique in Contemporary UK Television Drama

    Forde, Teresa; University of Derby (Routledge, 2021-12-30)
    This chapter explores the ways in which British television offers an opportunity for dialogue regarding critical pedagogy and critical race theory (CRT). The focus on critical pedagogy emerges from working within Higher Education and considering the changes and challenges to curriculum development. The focus of the chapter is on the ways in which CRT can be explored in terms of teaching television studies and the extent to which these fissures are explored and deconstructed via critical pedagogy. It also reflects upon the purpose of studying television as representative of popular culture and the role of public service broadcasting in establishing and circulating social discourse. According to Gale and Thomas, ‘Above all, CRT encourages analysts to take seriously the proposition that the recurrent failure of public institutions to respond to the needs of racialized minorities is a result of the deep fissures of entrenched racial power within society’ (2017, p. 473).
  • Using lessons from a comparative study of chemistry & bioscience pre-lab activities to design effective pre-lab interventions : a case study

    Rayment, S. J; Evans, J; Moss, K; Coffey, M; Kirk, S. H; Sivasubramaniam, S. D; Nottingham Trent University; University of Derby (Routledge - Taylor and Francis, 2022-01-04)
    Laboratory classes form an important aspect of bioscience education. However, this environment is challenging for students due to cognitive load and lack of confidence. Familiarising students with aspects of their laboratory classes prior to the session can improve this. This study compares the pre-laboratory scaffolding that bioscience and chemistry students experience across UK HE institutions. Typically, bioscience modules used fewer types of activities than chemistry although reading the protocol was the most common activity for both disciplines. Within bioscience, pre-laboratory activities differed by level: first year undergraduates were more likely to be asked to read the protocol, watch videos or do calculation practice in their modules whereas final year undergraduates were more likely to experience experimental design or contextualised activities. Alongside this, this paper discusses an institutional case study of the development and evaluation of technical laboratory videos as pre-laboratory scaffolding for first year students. These were found to benefit both student focus and enhance confidence: implying that using the videos impacted on cognitive load and hence learning. Exploring barriers to the uptake of these resources identified a lack of awareness of them as a major factor, suggesting that greater integration of such resources would enhance engagement and impact.
  • 'e’-thinking teaching and assessment to uphold academic integrity: lessons learned from emergency distance learning

    Reza Khan, Zeenath; Sivasubramaniam, Shivadas; Anand, Pranit; Ajrina, Hysaj; University of Wollongong in Dubai, Dubai, UAE; University of Derby; Queensland University of Technology, Australia (BMC - Springer, 2021-08-24)
    Covid-19 pandemic had an impact on many day-to-day activities but one of the biggest collateral impacts was felt by the education sector. The nature and the complexity of higher education is such that no matter how prepared we are as faculty, how planned our teaching and assessments, faculty are all too aware of the adjustments that have to be made to course plans, assessments designed, content delivery strategies and so on once classes begin. Faculties find themselves changing, modifying and deviating from original plans to ensure accessibility and inclusiveness, this may be due to a variety of reasons such as student abilities, behaviour, disturbances and even outside factors that may be political, environmental, social etc. Majority of the time, faculty are prepared for the change that needs to be incorporated and are quick to adjust. However, no one expected the disruption to education that was caused by COVID19 pandemic. The world came to a standstill while schools and universities scrambled to push learning to the digital space. It was important to try to ensure continuity of learning for students, but the issue of integrity came to the forefront by summertime. Faculties were suddenly expected to restructure their lessons, delivery, teaching and assessing digitally, at the same time ensuring and upholding integrity of the concepts taught and assessed. This has neither been easy or straightforward because the situation was unprecedented with little or no prior documentation or guidelines to help. Recognising this gap, this paper is an attempt at providing exploratory findings from authors’ experiences in their respective institutions over the ensuing months. The paper attempts to record the changes made by the faculty and colleagues to lessons and assessments with particular focus on how technology has been used to help restructure classes, deliver lessons and assess students which have aided in minimizing the likelihood of students cheating. The paper further narrates the reflective changes that were made in response to experience, student/external examiners feedback etc.
  • Social distancing without emotional distancing?

    Hunt, Ava; Wooster, Roger; University of Derby; Independent researcher (Intellect, 2021-12-01)
    The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted every aspect of society and no more so than in educational applications of theatre for children in schools. This article explores the complexities of what applied theatre/drama offer the young to think critically and develop empathetic human relationships crucial to sound mental health. The article’s authors reaffirm ways in which applied theatre/drama and TIE have contributed to healthy social development through contributions to the Personal, Social and Health Education curriculum. Cited are recent projects with compromised praxis in the face of the pandemic. Identified is a shift in educational priorities that are returning to traditional approaches in place of wider heuristic social education. Consequent moves to online teaching and imposition of social distancing has led to concerning levels of social distancing potentially impacting negatively on mental health of the young. However, applied theatre/drama disciplines play a particular role in facilitating emotional maturity through critical thinking.
  • Three good things in nature: a nature-based positive psychological intervention to improve mood and well-being for depression and anxiety

    Keenan, Rosaline; Lumber, Ryan; Richardson, Miles; Sheffield, David; HSE Community Healthcare Organisation One, Cavan, Ireland; De Montfort University , Leicester; University of Derby (Emerald, 2021-10-08)
    Visiting and connecting with nature through psychological interventions improves well-being within the general population. However, few such interventions have been conducted in clinically relevant populations. This paper aims to address this gap by investigating the effectiveness of a nature-based psychological intervention within a clinically relevant sample. An experimental design using a noticing Three Good Things in Nature (TGTiN) task during a nature based or urban (control) walk was conducted with nature connectedness, well-being, positive and negative affect measured at baseline, post and six-week follow-up. Individuals living with depression and/or anxiety (n = 50; 39 having a diagnosis) were randomly allocated to 30 min walking in nature or urban environments for five consecutive days. An ANCOVA, with age as co-variate, showed a significant effect of time by condition on all variables: nature connectedness ηp2 = 0.34; positive affect ηp2 = 0.42; negative affect ηp2 = 0.66; well-being ηp2 = 0.29. Post-hoc tests indicated a significant increase in nature connectedness and positive affect in the nature versus an urban walk at post and follow-up. Negative affect decreased in the nature walk at post intervention, while well-being was significantly greater in the nature walk at follow-up. The TGTiN intervention effectively improves positive affect, and well-being in clinically relevant populations, although replication with a larger sample is warranted.
  • Realising Art and Design Research in Policy Making Decisions

    Jones, Rhiannon; PolicyConnect; University of Derby (All-Party Parliamentary Design and Innovation Group (APDIG), 2021-12-09)
    Dr Rhiannon Jones was invited as a guest speaker for the second round table of The All-Party Parliamentary Design and Innovation Group (APDIG) is a cross-party coalition of Parliamentarians as well as art and design sector organisations that work to: critique existing government decision-making, help the sector better engage with the policy process, as well as develop new policy ideas that improve the sector. Led by Policy Connect, which is a cross-party think tank with five main policy pillars which are: Education & Skills; Industry, Technology & Innovation; Sustainability; Health; and Assistive & Accessible Technology. They specialise in supporting parliamentary groups, forums and commissions for which Policy Connect provides the secretariat and delivers impactful policy research and event programmes. They collaborate with parliamentarians through these groups allows us to influence public policy in Westminster and Whitehall. We are a social enterprise and are funded by a combination of regular annual membership subscriptions and time-limited sponsorships. They are proud to be a Disability Confident and London Living Wage employer, and a member of Social Enterprise UK. Dr Rhiannon Jones was invited to speak about her research in Art and Design and Civic Practice, as a thought leader in Social and Design innovation. She introduced her research project, S.H.E.D which uses pop up innovation and arts hubs across the country to engage, inspire and cultivate ideas and dialogue and get people more engaged in arts while speaking on the need to inspire decision makers by creating a bridge between the camps between industry and H.E.
  • The influence of experimental confederate peers on children's food intake: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Sharps, Maxine; Coulthard, Helen; Salvy, S.J.; Ryan, Sean; Fallon, Vicky; De Montfort University; Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA; University of Derby; University of Liverpool (Elsevier, 2021-12-15)
    Confederates influence eating behaviour. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have been conducted on this topic, however, the majority have examined adults, or a combination of adults and children, therefore, an up-to-date meta-analysis is needed to examine the impact of confederate peers on children's food intake. We systematically reviewed and meta-analysed the influence of confederate peers on children's food intake in research using present and remote-confederates. Six publications summarising findings from seven studies were included in this review. One publication was excluded from the meta-analysis because it was not possible to extract the required data. The meta-analysis showed that children were influenced by confederate peers; eating more when exposed to a high-intake compared to a no or low-intake confederate. Larger effects were observed when children were exposed to a remote-than a present-confederate, and for studies using healthy snacks compared to high fat high sugar (HFHS) snacks. No difference in effect size was observed when children were exposed to a high-vs. low-intake confederate compared to a high-vs. no-intake confederate. In the narrative synthesis, confederate intake influenced children's eating behaviour 24-h later, and possible moderators and a potential mechanism underlying the influence of confederates were identified. Caution is needed when interpreting the results, as the sub-groups were not compared statistically due to high heterogeneity, and a small number of studies were included in this review. Furthermore, all studies using the present-confederate design examined HFHS snack intake, therefore, it is unclear whether observed differences in effect sizes between present- and remote-confederates may be due to confederate or food type. Research is needed to further examine the influence of confederate peers on children's food intake and to examine mechanisms and moderators.
  • The Leadership Labyrinth: a question of authenticity

    Jones, Rhiannon; CHEAD; University of Derby (CHEAD, 2021-12-15)
    This paper was written in order to share the research and Atypical leadership model by Dr Rhiannon Jones. The approach to set up alternative pathways into H.E for students, residents and communities. To innovate, research through practice and to measure and define leadership not only as administrative paperwork, writing of risk registers, managing teams, marketing, pitching, etc but being able to stand back, observe, see the potential in others and create the space for them to flourish. This blended way of making, learning bringing students into the city with staff to work with public, artists, schools – sharing in challenges we face and using innovation and research to blend with civic pedagogy to lead in that as the only way forward… to create new infrastructures, destabilise existing ones, use the S.H.E.D to create a new site, a new incubation space for learning, sharing, leading. The work of CHEAD, of PolicyConnect and other key stakeholders and policy makers are actively engaging with Art and Design Educators with Higher Education. We know that we not only need to rethink and reposition the Art and Design sector, but its associated perception of value and how it sees itself. The role of artistic practice, education and research is extremely valuable to industry, and needs to be reconsidered for how it is written, constituted and engaged within law and policy and by its leaders. Whatever your job description or title, we are all leaders. We can amplify the impact of the work that we do, on changing pathways to education – through how we can engage early years those at risk of exclusion or who have lack of access to arts and culture – by working collaboratively, across disciplines and sectors - with business, the F.A and H.E. We need to create shared agendas, goals and to do this We need to integrate and collaborate. And we do this by how we can inspire people who are the decision makers and inspire people for whom the decisions are being made for to engage with that process. This is what my research, like the work of others is trying to enable. To be the bridge between those two, to speak openly, to create safe spaces for discourse – to turn and face one another and talk. We need to support Artistic practice that is actively seeking out new methodologies to innovate to blend research, with pathways to education and direct feedback and feedforward to policymakers, stakeholders and with the public and communities that we are engaging. Recently at Design for Planet, the Design Councils Summit at the V&A in Dundee individuals, such as myself, were called to action to put our communities at the heart of everything we do, and Jane Davidison (2021) reminded us that we need to design for living and back to first principles of design – beauty, utility and dudility. We need to establish a pipeline for alternative approaches to leadership, to facilitate room for roots to bed in, shoots to grown and for leadership in H.E to be led as examples of best practice from Art and Design. "Leadership comes in many forms. Leadership is changing, but not quickly enough. Contemporary leaders bring something new to the table. Leadership is diverse and Leaders come from all backgrounds, disciplines, perspectives and experience. We need to support more art and design educators from underrepresented groups to achieve leadership roles. Do you identify yourself as a Leader or is the label of ‘Leader’ unappealing to you? This programme will explore traditional and evolving concepts of leadership within the context of art and design education and is designed to appeal to a wide range of art and design educators considering career progression, aspiring to leadership or keen to explore whether a leadership role is something you want in your next academic role" CHEAD, 2021.
  • Cultivating the Compassionate Self: an Exploration of the Mechanisms of Change in Compassionate Mind Training

    Matos, Marcela; Duarte, Cristiana; Duarte, Joana; Pinto-Gouveia, José; Petrocchi, Nicola; GIlbert, Paul; University of Coimbra, Portugal; York St John University; Lund University; John Cabot University; et al. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-10-21)
    The current study aimed to examine the mechanisms of change that mediate the impact of a compassionate mind training (CMT) intervention, in particular, whether changes in compassion, fears of compassion and heart rate variability (HRV) would mediate the effects of a brief CMT intervention on psychological vulnerability factors, mental health indicators and positive affect. Using a longitudinal design, general population participants were randomly assigned to one of the two conditions: compassionate mind training (n = 56) and wait list control (n = 37). Participants in the CMT condition attended a psychoeducation session and practiced a set of core CMT exercises for 2 weeks. Self-report measures of compassion, fears of compassion, self-criticism, shame, depression, stress and positive affect were completed, and HRV was assessed at pre- and post-intervention. Mediation analyses revealed that increases in compassion for self and from others and reductions in fears of compassion for self, for others and from others mediated the effects of CMT on self-criticism and shame. In depression and stress, compassion for the self and from others and fears of compassion for the self emerged as significant mediators. Compassion for the self and from others and fears of compassion for self and from others significantly mediated the effect of CMT in safe affect. Compassion for the self, fears of compassion for self and for others and HRV mediated changes in relaxed affect. Cultivating a compassionate mind/self-identity through the core components of CMT may stimulate vagal regulatory activity and positively impact one’s ability to experience and be open to compassion, and thus promote emotion regulation, well-being and mental health.
  • The Science of Compassion

    GIlbert, Paul; university of Derby (Routledge, 2021-11-30)
    This chapter explores the nature and science of compassion, how it can texture political discourse, but also the challenges it is up against. Most scientists recognise that nothing makes much sense in biology, or the nature of the mind, without an evolutionary analysis. Evolutionary analysis operates through two fundamental processes in the universe, which are splitting apart, separating, diversifying, and even competing versus coming together, integrating, coordinating, and building complexity. In the television series Westworld, pleasure androids are programmed with algorithms and scripts to live out certain kinds of life narratives such that the human participants visiting the 'theme park' can interact and do what they want to them. As primates, humans are capable of two quite different types of life strategy and motivational orientation to the world.
  • On Symbiosis, Zoonosis

    Sharples, Victoria; University of Derby (Issuu, 2021-12)
    On Symbiosis, Zoonosis is an essay featured in the artist's publication Anoxic Bodies (2021). Anoxic Bodies is a collection of meditations, poems and short essays: On the Airborne; On Symbiosis, Zoonosis; On the Machinic and Biological ~ Carrying, Exchanging and Transmissions; On Cleaning & Cleansing; and On Anoxic Bodies. It accompanies a series of works, of the same name, made using: soap, water, germ and virucidal solution, hand-sanitiser, hermetically- sealed plastic substrates, osha root, astragalus, eucalyptus, and saliva. These function as material compositions to call on, as to signify, cellular envelopes and structures. In part a response to the SARS-CoV-2 virus, this publication pulls from, and unpacks, discourses surrounding: human and non-human bodily relationality; socio-economics; telecommunication technologies; carrying and exchange; social bubbles, cleaning and cleansing; medicinal plants and the airborne. This work follows the rubric of mail art and New Materialism.
  • A Framework for Assessing Trust in E-government Services under Uncertain Environment

    Shayganmehr, M; Kumar, A; Luthra, S; Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo; London Metropolitan University; University of Derby (Emerald, 2022)
    In this study, a novel framework was proposed to assess the trust in e-government (e- Gov) services under an uncertain environment. The proposed framework was applied in Iranian municipality websites of e-Gov services to evaluate the readiness score of trust in e-Gov services. A unique hybrid research methodology was proposed. In the first phase, a comprehensive set of indices were determined from an extensive literature review and finalized by employing the fuzzy Delphi method. In the second phase, Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets (IVIFS) was utilized to model the problem’s uncertainty with Analytic called IVIFS- Hierarchy Process (AHP) to determine the importance of indices and indicators by assigning the weights. In the third phase, the Fuzzy Evaluation Method (FEM) is followed for assessing the readiness score of indices in case studies. The findings indicated that “Trust in government” is the most significant index affecting citizen’s trust in e-Gov services while “Maintenance and support” has the least impact on user’s intention to use e–Gov services. The study is one of the few to indicate significant indices of trust in e-Gov services in developing countries. The study shows the importance of indicators and indices by assigning a weight. Additionally, the framework can assess the readiness score of various case studies. Research Implications: The study contributes by introducing a unique research methodology that integrates three phases, including Fuzzy Delphi, IVIFS AHP and Fuzzy Evaluation method. Moreover, the Fuzzy sets theory helps to reach a more accurate result by modeling the inherent ambiguity of indicators and indices. Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy models the ambiguity of experts’ judgments in an interval. The study helps policy makers to monitor wider aspects of trust in e-Gov services as well as understanding their importance. The study enables policy makers to apply the framework to any potential case studies to evaluate the readiness score of indices and recognizing strengths and weakness of trust dimensions as well as recommending advice for improving the situation.
  • Bio-vehicles of cytotoxic drugs for delivery to tumor specific targets for cancer precision therapy

    Al-mansoori, Layla; Elsinga, Philip; Goda, Sayed K.; Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands; Cairo University, Egypt; University of Derby (Elsevier BV, 2021-10-01)
    Abnormal structural and molecular changes in malignant tissues were thoroughly investigated and utilized to target tumor cells, hence rescuing normal healthy tissues and lowering the unwanted side effects as non-specific cytotoxicity. Various ligands for cancer cell specific markers have been uncovered and inspected for directional delivery of the anti-cancer drug to the tumor site, in addition to diagnostic applications. Over the past few decades research related to the ligand targeted therapy (LTT) increased tremendously aiming to treat various pathologies, mainly cancers with well exclusive markers. Malignant tumors are known to induce elevated levels of a variety of proteins and peptides known as cancer “markers” as certain antigens (e.g., Prostate specific membrane antigen “PSMA”, carcinoembryonic antigen “CEA”), receptors (folate receptor, somatostatin receptor), integrins (Integrin αvβ3) and cluster of differentiation molecules (CD13). The choice of an appropriate marker to be targeted and the design of effective ligand-drug conjugate all has to be carefully selected to generate the required therapeutic effect. Moreover, since some tumors express aberrantly high levels of more than one marker, some approaches investigated targeting cancer cells with more than one ligand (dual or multi targeting). We aim in this review to report an update on the cancer-specific receptors and the vehicles to deliver cytotoxic drugs, including recent advancements on nano delivery systems and their implementation in targeted cancer therapy. We will discuss the advantages and limitations facing this approach and possible solutions to mitigate these obstacles. To achieve the said aim a literature search in electronic data bases (PubMed and others) using keywords “Cancer specific receptors, cancer specific antibody, tumor specific peptide carriers, cancer overexpressed proteins, gold nanotechnology and gold nanoparticles in cancer treatment” was carried out.
  • Lean Accounting: A structured literature review

    Alves, R.; Vieira Neto, J.; Nascimento, D.L.M.D; de Andrade, F.E; Tortorella, G.L; Garza-Reyes, J.A; Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brazil; University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain; Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil; University of Derby (Emerald, 2021-11-14)
    The purpose of this paper is to perform a review and analyze the literature on Lean Accounting (LA), to develop insights into how LA research is developing, offering a critique of the research to date, and underlining future research opportunities. This research uses a structured literature review to categorize and analyze 39 research articles from relevant journals with a publication date from 1996 to 2020 (September) and to answer three research questions. Findings demonstrated that although LA seems to be the most suitable method for lean companies, it still lacks research in terms of the role of accountants in lean organizations as well as how its concepts are integrated with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). This paper provides both academics and practitioners with valuable insights regarding the role of management accounting and accountants in the pursuit of lean transformation , presenting meaningful themes and a complete analysis of the literature along with research gaps for future research. This paper contributes to lean manufacturing literature by providing a comprehensive structured literature review of articles regarding LA. Also, it serves as a basis for developing future research agendas in management accounting practices for lean organizations.
  • Production of Long-Acting CNGRC–CPG2 Fusion Proteins: New Derivatives to Overcome Drug Immunogenicity of Ligand-Directed Enzyme Prodrug Therapy for Targeted Cancer Treatment

    Al-mansoori, Layla; Al Qahtani, Alanod D.; Elsinga, Philip; Goda, Sayed K.; Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; Anti-Doping Lab-Qatar (ADLQ), Doha, Qatar; University of Groningen, the Netherlands; Cairo University, Giza, Egypt; University of Derby (SAGE Publications, 2021-11-20)
    Aminopeptidase N (APN) is an enzyme highly expressed in metastatic cancers and could be used in targeted cancer therapy. Our previous work showed the successful construction of CNGRC–carboxypeptidase G2 (CPG2) and CNGRC–CPG2–CNGRC fusion proteins. Our conjugates and prodrugs were effective in targeting high APN-expressing cancer cells. In the present study, we aim to produce long-acting fusion proteins to overcome 2 of the main drawbacks of antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy. N-terminal and N-, C-terminal fusion CPG2, CNGRC–CPG2, and CNGRC–CPG2–CNGRC, respectively, were PEGylated using polyethylene glycol (PEG) maleimide (40K). We examined the effect of PEGylation on the therapeutic efficacy of the new products. The resulting PEGylated fusion proteins were tested for their stability, ex vivo immunotoxicity, binding capacity to their target on high HT1080, and low A549 APN-expressing cells. The catalytic activity of the resulting PEGylated fusion CPG2 proteins was investigated. Pro-drug “ZD2767P” cytotoxic effect in association with PEG CPG2–CNGRC fusion proteins on cancer cells was studied. Our work demonstrated that the properties of the PEGylated single-fused proteins were significantly improved over that of un-PEGylated fused CPG2, and its kinetic activity and APN-binding affinity were not negatively affected by the PEGylation. Significantly, The PEGylated single-fused CPG2 had lower immunogenicity than the un-PEGylated CPG2. Our results, however, were different in the case of the PEGylated double-fused CPG2. Although its stability in human serum under physiological conditions was not significantly affected, the kinetic activity and its binding affinity to their cellular marker (APN) were substantially reduced. When the study was performed with high and low APN-expressing cancer cell lines, using the prodrug ZD2767p, the PEGylated fusion CPG2 demonstrated cancer cell killing effects. We have successfully produced PEGylated-CNGRC–CPG2, which is bioactive and with lower immunogenicity in ligand-directed enzyme prodrug therapy for cancer treatment.
  • Draw | Breath | Animal

    Bartram, Angela; Deigaard, Lee; University of Derby; Utah State University (Eccles and Tippets Galleries, Logan, Utah, 2021-11)
    The animal and being animal is a proposition and position that invites observational and critical debate. To observe the non-human animal is too often tense and politicised; to take on an understated what-it-is-to-be-animal is a sensitised and sensitive means to understand differing perspectives. Artists Lee Deigaard (USA) and Angela Bartram (UK) critically approach the animal as the animal. Using diverse methods and materials and curious to potentialities, they explore working as humans from an animal-centric perspective. They bring sensitivities to their handling of the animal as both artistic subject and collaborator, of behaving as animal, in order to observe and engage with empathy and openness to the unexpected, to animal insight and revelation. Iterative long term projects in drawing and printmaking foreground proximity and proprioceptive, nearly devotional studio and caretaking practices centering on respiration and companionate movement within a global pandemic. This exhibition explores the socialised and familiar in close observation, directly and indirectly, in their individual yet companion practices and additionally features the artists in conversation and active collaboration on site in the gallery. The exhibition was accompanied by a Commmunitas Lecture in the gallery on Thursday 18th November 2021. Bartram‘s participation was supported through a Distinguished Visiting Professorship at Utah State University.
  • Discourse analysis and emotions

    Childs, Carrie; University of Derby (De Gruyter, 2022)
    This chapter is concerned with discourse-centred approaches for examining emotion in conversation. Specifically, the chapter focuses on Conversation Analysis and Discursive Psychology. These approaches share a focus on the study of language as a topic in its own right- as a means of constructing, rather than representing, reality. With regard to emotion, the focus is on examining emotional displays and the ways in which these are invoked, managed and treated in conversation. The primary issue is the interactional work that is done and how notions of emotion are topicalized and managed in specific settings. The chapter has two major subsections. In the first I introduce Conversation Analysis and Discursive Psychology as research tools. I provide a description of each and outline their core methodological features. In the second I provide specific examples that illustrate the application of Conversation Analysis and Discursive Psychology to the study of emotion. The aim is to elucidate these approaches as ways of exploring emotion in naturally occurring interaction, highlighting the ways in which approaches based on analysis of authentic interaction can contribute to an understanding of emotion in conversation.
  • The African continental divide: Indian versus Atlantic Ocean spreading during Gondwana dispersal

    Peace, Alexander L.; Phethean, Jordan; McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; University of Derby (Geological Society of America, 2022-01-27)
    It is well established that plate-tectonic processes operate on a global scale and that spatially separate but temporally coincident events may be linked. However, identifying such links in the geological record and understanding the mechanisms involved remain speculative. This is particularly acute during major geodynamic events, such as the dispersal of supercontinents, where multiple axes of breakup may be present as well as coincidental collisional events. To explore this aspect of plate tectonics, we present a detailed analysis of the temporal variation in the mean half rate of seafloor spreading in the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, as well as plate-kinematic attributes extracted from global plate-tectonic models during the dispersal of Gondwana since ca. 200 Ma. Our analysis shows that during the ~20 m.y. prior to collision between India and Asia at ca. 55 Ma, there was an increase in the mean rate of seafloor spreading in the Indian Ocean. This manifests as India rapidly accelerating toward Asia. This event was then followed by a prompt deceleration in the mean rate of Indian Ocean seafloor spreading after India collided with Asia at ca. 55 Ma. Since inception, the mean rate of seafloor spreading in the Indian Ocean has been generally greater than that in the Atlantic Ocean, and the period of fastest mean half spreading rate in the Indian Ocean was coincident with a slowdown in mean half seafloor spreading rate in the competing Atlantic Ocean. We hypothesize that faster and hotter seafloor spreading in the Indian Ocean resulted in larger ridge-push forces, which were transmitted through the African plate, leading to a slowdown in Atlantic Ocean spreading. Following collision between India and Asia, and a slowdown of Indian Ocean spreading, Atlantic spreading rates consequently increased again. We conclude that the processes in the Indian and Atlantic Oceans have likely remained coupled throughout their existence, that their individual evolution has influenced each other, and that, more generally, spreading in one basin inevitably influences proximal regions. While we do not believe that ridge push is the main cause of plate motions, we consider it to have played a role in the coupling of the kinematic evolution of these oceans. The implication of this observation is that interaction and competition between nascent ocean basins and ridges during supercontinent dispersal exert a significant control on resultant continental configuration.
  • Fish Market, Lagos: Artist Pages and Supporting Statement

    Baker, Steve; University of Derby (Routledge, 2021-11-30)
    This set of artist pages presents photographic work undertaken in Portugal in my capacity as artist in residence for the Animal remains conference. The short supporting text discusses the images in the context of an influential recent call for artists to desist altogether from the pictorial representation of animal bodies, and of the contrary case made by other authors for the ethical necessity of attentive looking.
  • Gender-based refugee experiences: the role of education, training and arts-based interventions for girls and women refugees

    Skyrme, Sarah; Hogan, Susan; University of Derby (University of Derby, 2021)
    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHRC) has identified that refugee children's participation in mainstream schooling in many refugee host countries (RHCs) is substantially lower than their settled peers and that for girls the gap is even more significant. Furthermore, the gap between refugee girls, their settled peers and refugee boys widens, as girls get older. This is often attributed to social and cultural traditions that under-value girls' education and limit their participation in activities outside the home or immediate community setting. This project has explored the literature around arts-based interventions aimed at girls and young women and the particular affordances and ethical complexities of these.

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